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24: Al-Noor

Chapter: 24, Verse: 35 - Noor (light) of Allah (swt)


عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ شَمُّونٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الْأَصَمِّ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ سَهْلٍ الْهَمْدَانِيِّ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع فِي قَوْلِ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى اللَّهُ نُورُ السَّماواتِ وَ الْأَرْضِ مَثَلُ نُورِهِ كَمِشْكاةٍ (النور -: 35 -) فَاطِمَةُ ع فِيها مِصْباحٌ (النور -: 35 -) الْحَسَنُ الْمِصْباحُ فِي زُجاجَةٍ (النور -: 35 -) الْحُسَيْنُ الزُّجاجَةُ كَأَنَّها كَوْكَبٌ دُرِّيٌّ (النور -: 35 -) فَاطِمَةُ كَوْكَبٌ دُرِّيٌّ بَيْنَ نِسَاءِ أَهْلِ الدُّنْيَا يُوقَدُ مِنْ شَجَرَةٍ مُبارَكَةٍ (النور -: 35 -) إِبْرَاهِيمُ ع زَيْتُونَةٍ لا شَرْقِيَّةٍ وَ لا غَرْبِيَّةٍ (النور -: 35 -) لَا يَهُودِيَّةٍ وَ لَا نَصْرَانِيَّةٍ يَكادُ زَيْتُها يُضِي‏ءُ (النور -: 35 -) يَكَادُ الْعِلْمُ يَنْفَجِرُ بِهَا وَ لَوْ لَمْ تَمْسَسْهُ نارٌ نُورٌ عَلى‏ نُورٍ (النور -: 35 -) إِمَامٌ مِنْهَا بَعْدَ إِمَامٍ يَهْدِي اللَّهُ لِنُورِهِ مَنْ يَشاءُ (النور -: 35 -) يَهْدِي اللَّهُ لِلْأَئِمَّةِ مَنْ يَشَاءُ وَ يَضْرِبُ اللَّهُ الْأَمْثالَ لِلنَّاسِ (النور -: 35 -) قُلْتُ أَوْ كَظُلُماتٍ (النور -: 40 -) قَالَ الْأَوَّلُ وَ صَاحِبُهُ يَغْشاهُ مَوْجٌ (النور -: 40 -) الثَّالِثُ مِنْ فَوْقِهِ مَوْجٌ (النور -: 40 -) ظُلُمَاتٌ الثَّانِي بَعْضُها فَوْقَ بَعْضٍ (النور -: 40 -) مُعَاوِيَةُ وَ فِتَنُ بَنِي أُمَيَّةَ إِذا أَخْرَجَ يَدَهُ (النور -: 40 -) الْمُؤْمِنُ فِي ظُلْمَةِ فِتْنَتِهِمْ لَمْ يَكَدْ يَراها وَ مَنْ لَمْ يَجْعَلِ اللَّهُ لَهُ نُوراً (النور -: 40 -) إِمَاماً مِنْ وُلْدِ فَاطِمَةَ ع فَما لَهُ مِنْ نُورٍ (النور -: 40 -) إِمَامٍ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَ قَالَ فِي قَوْلِهِ يَسْعى‏ نُورُهُمْ بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَ بِأَيْمانِهِمْ (الحديد -: 12 -) أَئِمَّةُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ تَسْعَى بَيْنَ يَدَيِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ بِأَيْمَانِهِمْ حَتَّى يُنْزِلُوهُمْ مَنَازِلَ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ

عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ الْبَجَلِيِّ وَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنِ الْعَمْرَكِيِّ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ جَمِيعاً عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ أَخِيهِ مُوسَى ع مِثْلَه‏

Ali ibn Muhammad and Muhammad ibn al-Hassan have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Muhammad ibn al-Hassan ibn Shammun from ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Asamm from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Qasim from Salih ibn Sahl al-Hamadani who has said the following:

"Abu Abd Allah (as) has said the following About the statement of Allah, the Most High, "Allah is the light of the heavens and the earth. A metaphor for His light is a lantern in which there is a lamp placed in a glass. The glass is like a shining star, which is lit from a blessed olive tree that is neither eastern nor western. Its oil almost lights up even though the fire has not touched it. It is light upon light. Allah guides to His light whomever He wants. Allah uses various metaphors. He has the knowledge of all things." (24:35) The (Imam) said that the lantern metaphorically stands for the Holy lady, Fatima (sa) the lamp stands for (Imam) al-Hassan (as) and the glass stands for (Imam) al-Husayn (as). The shining star stands for the Holy lady Fatima (sa) who shines among the ladies of the world. The blessed olive tree stands for Prophet Abraham. Neither eastern nor western means not Jewish nor Christian. ‘Its oil almost lights up’ means that it almost bursts up with knowledge. ‘Light up on light’ means that there will one Imam after the other Imam (as). "Allah guides to His light who ever He wants" means that Allah guides through the Imam whomever He wants." About "Allah uses various metaphors" I said, "Or it (the deeds of the unbelievers) are like the darkness of a deep, stormy sea with layers of giant waves, covered by dark clouds. It is darkness upon darkness whereby even if one stretches out his hands he can not see them. One can have no light unless Allah gives him light. (24:40)

The Imam (as) said, "darkness" refers to the first and his friend, "with layers of giant waves" refers to the third, "covered with darkness" refers to the second, "It is darkness up on darkness" refers to Muawiya and the disasters caused by the Bani Omayya. "Even if one stretches out his hands" means that even if a true believer would stretch his hands in such disastrous condition he can not see them. "One can have no light unless Allah gives him light, means the light from the children of the Holy Lady, Fatima(sa), "Can have no light" means an (Imam) on the Day of Judgment." The Imam (as) said that, "On the Day of Judgment you will see the believers with their light shining in front of them and to their right. They will be told, "Paradise wherein streams flow is the glad news for you today. You will live therein forever. This is the greatest triumph." (57:12), "the shining light in front"  is a reference to the Imam (as) whom would walk in front and on the right of the true believers until they all enter paradise.


Ali ibn Muhammad and Muhammad ibn al-Hassan have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Musa ibn al-Qasim al-Bajali and Muhammad ibn Yahya from al-‘Amrakiy ibn Ali altogether from Ali ibn Jafar (as) from his brother a similar Hadith.

[Source: Al-Kafi, Vol.1, Pg. 196]
Hadees is Saheeh (Authentic) as per the second chain. See Miral Al-Uqool, Vol.2 Pg. 358



Chapter 24, Verse 36: Houses permitted by Allah to be raised and glorified in

محمد بن العباس، قال: حدثنا المنذر بن محمد القابوسي، قال: حدثنا أبي، عن عمه، عن أبيه، عن أبان بن تغلب، عن نفيع بن الحارث، عن أنس بن مالك، وعن بريدة، قالاقرأ رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآلهفِي بُيُوتٍ أَذِنَ اللَّهُ أَنْ تُرْفَعَ وَيُذْكَرَ فِيهَا اسْمُهُ يُسَبِّحُ لَهُ فِيها بِالْغُدُوِّ وَالْآصالِ‏ فقام إليه رجل، فقال: أي بيوت هذه، يا رسول الله؟ قال: بيوت الأنبياء. فقام إليه أبو بكر، فقال: يا رسول الله، هذا البيت منها؟ وأشار إلى بيت علي وفاطمة (عليهما السلام): قال: نعم، من أفضلها

Muhammad bin Abbas, from al-Manzar bin Muhammad al-Qaboosi, from his father, from his uncle, from his father, from Aban bin Tuglab, from Nafeea bin al-Haris, from Ans bin Maalik and Buraydah who said:

"Prophet Muhammad (saww) recited the verse, "In the houses which Allah hath permitted to be raised; for the rememberance of His Name in them, In them is He glorified in the mornings and in the evenings" [24:36]

So he said, "Which are these houses, O Prophet of Allah (saww)"?

Prophet Muhammad (saww) said, "The houses of the Messengers".

Then Abu Bakr stood up and said, "O! Prophet of Allah (saww), is this house included in them? And pointed towards the house of Ali (as) and Fatima (sa).

Prophet Muhammad (saww) said, "Yes. This is from the best of them".

[Source: Taweel al-Aayat, Vol.1, Pg. 359]
Similar narration also comes in books of Ahle Sunna. See Tafseer al-Salabi