Imam's (as) control over life and death
وَ لَوْ أَنَّ قُرْآناً سُيِّرَتْ بِهِ الْجِبالُ أَوْ قُطِّعَتْ بِهِ الْأَرْضُ أَوْ كُلِّمَ بِهِ الْمَوْتى
"If there were a Qur'an with which mountains were moved, or the earth were cloven asunder, or the dead were made to speak, (this would be the one!)" [13:31]
So this verse makes it very clear that Qur'an can make the mountains move and even make the dead to speak. And its very well known that as per the narrations, Imam's (as) have complete knowledge of the Quran and hence they can also give life to the dead, now lets read the below narration.
حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد رضي اللهعنه قال حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار و سعد بن عبدالله جميعا عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى عن الحسن بن علي بن يقطين عن أخيه الحسين عنأبيه علي بن يقطين قال استدعى الرشيد رجلا يبطل به أمر أبي الحسن موسى بن جعفر ( ع ) ويقطعه و يخجله في المسجد فانتدب له رجل معزم فلما أحضرت المائدة عمل ناموسا علىالخبز فكان كلما رام أبو الحسن ( ع ) تناول رغيف من الخبز طار من بين يديه و استفز منهارون الفرح و الضحك لذلك فلم يلبث أبو الحسن ( ع ) أن رفع رأسه إلى أسد مصور على بعضالستور فقال له يا أسد خذ عدو الله قال فوثبت تلك الصورة كأعظم ما يكون من السباعفافترست ذلك المعزم فخر هارون و ندماؤه على وجوههم مغشيا عليهم فطارت عقولهم خوفامن هول ما رأوه فلما أفاقوا من ذلك قال هارون لأبي الحسن ( ع ) سألتك بحقي عليك لماسألت الصورة أن ترد الرجل فقال إن كانت عصا موسى ردت ما ابتلعته من حبال القوم وعصيهم فأن هذه الصورة ترد ما ابتلعته من هذا الرجل فكان ذلك أعمل الأشياء في إفاتةنفسه
Muhammad ibn Al-Hassan ibn Ahmad ibn al-Waleed – may God be pleased with him – narrated that Muhammad ibn Al-Hassan al-Saffar and Sa’d ibn Abdullah quoted on the authority of Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Isa, on the authority of Al-Hassan ibn Ali ibn Yaqteen, on the authority of his brother Al-Hussein, on the authority of his father Ali ibn Yaqteen,
“Harun Ar-Rashid was looking for someone who could make fun of Abil Hassan Musa ibn Ja’far (as), belittle him and defeat him in arguments in a meeting. A magician volunteered to do so. When they spread the table to eat, the magician put a spell on the bread so that whenever Abul Hassan (as) wanted to grab a piece of bread to eat, it would fly away from his hands. Harun was very pleased and laughed a lot at this.
Then Abul Hassan (as) turned to the picture of a lion which was on a portrait and said, “O Lion! Seize this enemy of God!” The narrator of the tradition added, “Then the picture of the lion turned into a big lion, jumped on the magician, and tore him up.”
Then Harun and all his companions who were present were watching got scared, fainted and fell down. When they regained consciousness, Harun told Abil Hassan (as), “I beg you by the right I have over you to ask the picture to return that man.” Then the Imam (as) said, “If the Cane of Moses (as) returned the canes and the ropes which it swallowed, this picture will also return that man.”
The narrator of this tradition added, “This was one of the most important reason why Imam (as) was martyred.”
[Source: Uyoon akhbar ur raza, Vol 1, Chapter 8, Pg.95,96]
Note: Authentic/Reliable Hadees as per the Chain of narrators.
This narration clearly shows the authority of Imam (as) over creation, life and death.
عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ مُثَنًّى الْحَنَّاطِ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ دَخَلْتُ عَلَى أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع فَقُلْتُ لَهُ أَنْتُمْ وَرَثَةُ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ص قَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص وَارِثُ الْأَنْبِيَاءِ عَلِمَ كُلَّ مَا عَلِمُوا قَالَ لِي نَعَمْ قُلْتُ فَأَنْتُمْ تَقْدِرُونَ عَلَى أَنْ تُحْيُوا الْمَوْتَى وَ تُبْرِءُوا الْأَكْمَهَ وَ الْأَبْرَصَ قَالَ نَعَمْ بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ لِيَ ادْنُ مِنِّي يَا أَبَا مُحَمَّدٍ فَدَنَوْتُ مِنْهُ فَمَسَحَ عَلَى وَجْهِي وَ عَلَى عَيْنَيَّ فَأَبْصَرْتُ الشَّمْسَ وَ السَّمَاءَ وَ الْأَرْضَ وَ الْبُيُوتَ وَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ فِي الْبَلَدِ ثُمَّ قَالَ لِي أَ تُحِبُّ أَنْ تَكُونَ هَكَذَا وَ لَكَ مَا لِلنَّاسِ وَ عَلَيْكَ مَا عَلَيْهِمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ أَوْ تَعُودَ كَمَا كُنْتَ وَ لَكَ الْجَنَّةُ خَالِصاً قُلْتُ أَعُودُ كَمَا كُنْتُ فَمَسَحَ عَلَى عَيْنَيَّ فَعُدْتُ كَمَا كُنْتُ قَالَ فَحَدَّثْتُ ابْنَ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ بِهَذَا فَقَالَ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ هَذَا حَقٌّ كَمَا أَنَّ النَّهَارَ حَق
A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from al-Muthanna al-Hannat from abu Basir who has said the following.
"Once I went to see Abu Ja‘far (as) and asked him, "Are you the heirs of the Messenger of Allah?" He said, "Yes, we are his heirs." I then asked, "Was the Messenger of Allah the heir of the prophets and knew all that they knew?" He said to me, "Yes, it is true." I then asked, "Do you have the power to bring the dead back to life and cure the lepers, and the blind?" He said, "Yes, we do have such powers by the permission of Allah." Then he said to me, "Come closer to me, O Abu Muhammad." I went closer to him and he rubbed my face and my eyes and I saw the sun, the skies, the earth, the houses and all things in the town. Then he said to me, "Do you like to live this way and will have what others have and be responsible for whatever they will be held responsible on the Day of Judgment or like to live as before and will have paradise purely?" I said, "I would like to live as I lived before." He rubbed my eyes and I found myself as before."
The narrator has said that he told it to ibn abu ‘Umayr who said, "I testify that this is true just as the day is true."
[Source: Al Kaafi, Vol.1 Pg.470]
Note: Authentic/Reliable Hadees as per the Chain of narrators. See Miraat-Al-Uqool - Allama Majlisi - Vol.6 Pg.19
محمد بن يحيى، عن سلمة بن الخطاب، عن عبدالله بن محمد، عن عبدالله بن القاسم عن عيسى شلقان قال: سمعت أبا عبدالله عليه السلام يقول: إن أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام له خؤولة في بني مخزوم وإن شابا منهم أتاه فقال: يا خالي إن أخي مات وقد حزنت عليه حزنا شديدا، قال: فقال له: تشتهي أن تراه؟ قال: بلى، قال: فأرني قبره، قال: فخرج ومعه بردة رسول الله صلى اله عليه وآله متزرا بها، فلما انتهى إلى القبر تلملمت شفتاه ثم ركضه برجله فخرج من قبره وهو يقول بلسان الفرس، فقال أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام: ألم تمت وأنت رجل من العرب؟ قال: بلى ولكنا متنا على سنة فلان وفلان فانقلبت ألسنتنا
Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Salama ibn al-Khattab from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Qasim from ‘Isa Shalqan who has said the following.
"I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (as) say, ‘Amir al-Mu’minin Ali (as) had maternal uncles in the tribe of descendant of Makhdhum and a young man from them came to him (Amir al-Mu’minin Ali and said, "Uncle, my brother has died and I am very sad because of his death." The narrator has said that he (Amir al-Mu’minin Ali (as) ) asked him, "Do you want to see him?" He said, "Yes, I want to see him." He said, "Show me his grave." The narrator has said that he (Amir al-Mu’minin Ali (as) came out with him with the gown of the Messenger of Allah on him. When he reach the grave site he moved his lips and knocked his grave with his foot and he came out of his grave speaking in Persian language. Amir al-Mu’minin Ali (as) asked, "Did you not die as an Arab man?" He said, " Yes, but we died in the tradition of so and so son of so and so then our language changed."
[Source: Al-Kafi, Vol. 1, Kitab Al-Hujja, Chapter. 113 (Birth of Amir Al Momineen (as) ) Hadees. 7]
عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ قَالَ مَرَّ الْعَبْدُ الصَّالِحُ بِامْرَأَةٍ بِمِنًى وَ هِيَ تَبْكِي وَ صِبْيَانُهَا حَوْلَهَا يَبْكُونَ وَ قَدْ مَاتَتْ لَهَا بَقَرَةٌ فَدَنَا مِنْهَا ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهَا مَا يُبْكِيكِ يَا أَمَةَ اللَّهِ قَالَتْ يَا عَبْدَ اللَّهِ إِنَّ لَنَا صِبْيَاناً يَتَامَى وَ كَانَتْ لِي بَقَرَةٌ مَعِيشَتِي وَ مَعِيشَةُ صِبْيَانِي كَانَ مِنْهَا وَ قَدْ مَاتَتْ وَ بَقِيتُ مُنْقَطَعاً بِي وَ بِوُلْدِي لَا حِيلَةَ لَنَا فَقَالَ يَا أَمَةَ اللَّهِ هَلْ لَكِ أَنْ أُحْيِيَهَا لَكِ فَأُلْهِمَتْ أَنْ قَالَتْ نَعَمْ يَا عَبْدَ اللَّهِ فَتَنَحَّى وَ صَلَّى رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ رَفَعَ يَدَهُ هُنَيْئَةً وَ حَرَّكَ شَفَتَيْهِ ثُمَّ قَامَ فَصَوَّتَ بِالْبَقَرَةِ فَنَخَسَهَا نَخْسَةً أَوْ ضَرَبَهَا بِرِجْلِهِ فَاسْتَوَتْ عَلَى الْأَرْضِ قَائِمَةً فَلَمَّا نَظَرْتِ الْمَرْأَةُ إِلَى الْبَقَرَةِ صَاحَتْ وَ قَالَتْ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ وَ رَبِّ الْكَعْبَةِ فَخَالَطَ النَّاسَ وَ صَارَ بَيْنَهُمْ وَ مَضَى ع
A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Mughira who has said the following.
"The pious servant of Allah [Imam Musa Kazim (as)] passed in Mina by a woman who was weeping and her children around her also were weeping because her cow was dead. He went close to her and asked, "What has caused you to weep O slave of Allah?" She said, "O servant of Allah, we have orphan children. Our cow that was the means for our living has died and we are left without any means of living."
He said, "Will you be happy if I will bring your cow back to life?"
She was just inspired to say, "Yes, O servant of Allah I will be very happy."
He stepped aside and said two Rak‘at prayers. He then raised his hands and gently moved his lips. He then stood up and called the cow to get up. He pushed the cow with his foot or a staff and she was up straight and standing. When the woman looked at the cow she cried and said, "Jesus, son of Mary, I swear by the Lord of the Ka‘ba (he is Jesus)." Many people gathered around and he disappeared among them and went."
[Source: Al Kaafi Vol.1 Pg.484]
Note: Authentic Hadees as per the Sanad analysis. See Miraat-Al-Uqool - Allama Majlisi - Vol.6 Pg.66
Following the principle of authentication of Hadeees [Read Here], the Above 2 narrations are also authenticated by verification from the following verse of the Holy Quran:
وَرَسُولًا إِلَىٰ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ أَنِّي قَدْ جِئْتُكُم بِآيَةٍ مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ أَنِّي أَخْلُقُ لَكُم مِّنَ الطِّينِ كَهَيْئَةِ الطَّيْرِ فَأَنفُخُ فِيهِ فَيَكُونُ طَيْرًا بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ وَأُبْرِئُ الْأَكْمَهَ وَالْأَبْرَصَ وَأُحْيِي الْمَوْتَىٰ بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ وَأُنَبِّئُكُم بِمَا تَأْكُلُونَ وَمَا تَدَّخِرُونَ فِي بُيُوتِكُمْ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَةً لَّكُمْ إِن كُنتُم مُّؤْمِنِينَ
"And (appoint him) a messenger to the Children of Israel, (with this message): "'I have come to you, with a Sign from your Lord, in that I make for you out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, and breathe into it, and it becomes a bird by Allah's leave: And I heal those born blind, and the lepers, and I quicken the dead, by Allah's leave; and I declare to you what ye eat, and what ye store in your houses. Surely therein is a Sign for you if ye did believe" [Quran 3:49]