Hadith of Imam Riza (as) to Rayyan bin Shabeeb

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ مَاجِيلَوَيْهِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ هَاشِمٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ الرَّيَّانِ بْنِ شَبِيبٍ قَالَ‌ دَخَلْتُ عَلَى الرِّضَا(ع)فِي أَوَّلِ يَوْمٍ مِنَ الْمُحَرَّمِ فَقَالَ يَا ابْنَ شَبِيبٍ أَ صَائِمٌ أَنْتَ قُلْتُ لَا فَقَالَ إِنَّ هَذَا الْيَوْمَ هُوَ الْيَوْمُ الَّذِي دَعَا فِيهِ زَكَرِيَّا(ع)رَبَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ فَقَالَ‌ رَبِّ هَبْ لِي مِنْ لَدُنْكَ ذُرِّيَّةً طَيِّبَةً إِنَّكَ سَمِيعُ الدُّعاءِ فَاسْتَجَابَ اللَّهُ لَهُ وَ أَمَرَ الْمَلَائِكَةَ فَنَادَتْ زَكَرِيَّا وَ هُوَ قائِمٌ يُصَلِّي فِي الْمِحْرابِ أَنَّ اللَّهَ يُبَشِّرُكَ بِيَحْيى‌ فَمَنْ صَامَ هَذَا الْيَوْمَ ثُمَّ دَعَا اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ اسْتَجَابَ اللَّهُ لَهُ كَمَا اسْتَجَابَ اللَّهُ لِزَكَرِيَّا ثُمَّ قَالَ يَا ابْنَ شَبِيبٍ إِنَّ الْمُحَرَّمَ هُوَ الشَّهْرُ الَّذِي كَانَ أَهْلُ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ يُحَرِّمُونَ فِيهِ الظُّلْمَ وَ الْقِتَالَ لِحُرْمَتِهِ فَمَا عَرَفَتْ هَذِهِ الْأُمَّةُ حُرْمَةَ شَهْرِهَا وَ لَا حُرْمَةَ نَبِيِّهَا لَقَدْ قَتَلُوا فِي هَذَا الشَّهْرِ ذُرِّيَّتَهُ وَ سَبَوْا نِسَاءَهُ وَ انْتَهَبُوا ثَقَلَهُ فَلَا غَفَرَ اللَّهُ لَهُمْ ذَلِكَ أَبَداً يَا ابْنَ شَبِيبٍ إِنْ كُنْتَ بَاكِياً لِشَيْ‌ءٍ فَابْكِ لِلْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ(ع)فَإِنَّهُ ذُبِحَ كَمَا يُذْبَحُ الْكَبْشُ وَ قُتِلَ مَعَهُ مِنْ أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ ثَمَانِيَةَ عَشَرَ رَجُلًا مَا لَهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ شَبِيهُونَ وَ لَقَدْ بَكَتِ السَّمَاوَاتُ السَّبْعُ وَ الْأَرَضُونَ لِقَتْلِهِ وَ لَقَدْ نَزَلَ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ مِنَ الْمَلَائِكَةِ أَرْبَعَةُ آلَافٍ لِنَصْرِهِ فَلَمْ يُؤْذَنْ لَهُمْ فَهُمْ عِنْدَ قَبْرِهِ شُعْثٌ غُبْرٌ إِلَى أَنْ يَقُومَ الْقَائِمُ(ع)فَيَكُونُونَ مِنْ أَنْصَارِهِ وَ شِعَارُهُمْ يَا لَثَارَاتِ الْحُسَيْنِ‌ع يَا ابْنَ شَبِيبٍ لَقَدْ حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ جَدِّهِ(ع)أَنَّهُ لَمَّا قُتِلَ جَدِّيَ الْحُسَيْنُ(ص)أَمْطَرَتِ السَّمَاءُ دَماً وَ تُرَاباً أَحْمَرَ يَا ابْنَ شَبِيبٍ إِنْ بَكَيْتَ عَلَى الْحُسَيْنِ حَتَّى تَصِيرَ دُمُوعُكَ عَلَى خَدَّيْكَ غَفَرَ اللَّهُ لَكَ كُلَّ ذَنْبٍ أَذْنَبْتَهُ صَغِيراً كَانَ أَوْ كَبِيراً قَلِيلًا كَانَ أَوْ كَثِيراً يَا ابْنَ شَبِيبٍ إِنْ سَرَّكَ أَنْ تَلْقَى اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ لَا ذَنْبَ عَلَيْكَ فَزُرِ الْحُسَيْنَ(ع)يَا ابْنَ شَبِيبٍ إِنْ سَرَّكَ أَنْ تَسْكُنَ الْغُرَفَ الْمَبْنِيَّةَ فِي الْجَنَّةِ مَعَ النَّبِيِّ(ص)فَالْعَنْ قَتَلَةَ الْحُسَيْنِ يَا ابْنَ شَبِيبٍ إِنْ سَرَّكَ أَنْ يَكُونَ لَكَ مِنَ الثَّوَابِ مِثْلَ مَا لِمَنِ اسْتُشْهِدَ مَعَ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ(ع)فَقُلْ مَتَى ذَكَرْتَهُ‌ يا لَيْتَنِي كُنْتُ مَعَهُمْ فَأَفُوزَ فَوْزاً عَظِيماً يَا ابْنَ شَبِيبٍ إِنْ سَرَّكَ أَنْ تَكُونَ مَعَنَا فِي الدَّرَجَاتِ الْعُلَى مِنَ الْجِنَانِ فَاحْزَنْ لِحُزْنِنَا وَ افْرَحْ لِفَرَحِنَا وَ عَلَيْكَ بِوَلَايَتِنَا فَلَوْ أَنَّ رَجُلًا أَحَبَّ حَجَراً لَحَشَرَهُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ مَعَهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ


Narrated by al-Rayyan ibn Shabeeb, "I went to see Imam al-Reza (as) on the first day of the month of Muharram.

The Imam (as) said, ‘O Ibn Shabeeb! Are you fasting?’

I answered, ‘No.’

The Imam (s) said, ‘Today is the day on which Zakariya prayed to his Lord - the Honorable the Exalted, ‘There did Zakariya pray to his Lord, saying, ‘O my Lord! Grant unto me from Thee a progeny that is pure: for Thou art He that heareth prayer!’’ (529) And God fulfilled his prayer and ordered the angels to call Zakariya ‘While he was standing in prayer in the chamber, the angels called unto him, ‘(Allah) doth give thee glad tidings of Yahya, witnessing the truth of a Word from Allah, and (be besides) noble, chaste, and a Prophet, of the (goodly) company of the righteous.’’ (530)

Therefore, just as God fulfilled the prayers of Zakariya, the Honorable the Exalted God will fulfill the prayers of whoever fasts on this day and asks God for something.’

The Imam (s) then added, ‘O Ibn Shabeeb! Muharram is the month in which the people of the Age of Ignorance had forbidden committing any oppression and fighting in. However, this nation did not recognize the honor of this month or the honor of their own Prophet (saww). In this month, they killed the Prophet’s offspring, they enslaved the women, and took their belongings as booty. God will never forgive them.

O Ibn Shabeeb! If you wish to cry, then cry for Al-Husain ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib (as) who was slaughtered like a sheep and was killed along with the members of his household. Eighteen people were martyred along with al-Husain (as) who had no equal on Earth. The seven heavens and the Earths mourned for his martyrdom. Four thousand angels descended to the Earth to assist him, but He did not get them permission to help him. They will remain at his shrine with disordered hair covered with dust until the Rising of al-Qaim (atfs). Then they will be among those who will assist Him. Their slogan will be Ya li tharat al-Husain (Revenge for al-Husain’s (as) blood!).

O Ibn Shabeeb! My father narrated that his Father quoted on the authority of his grandfather that when they murdered my grandfather al-Husain (as), the heavens cried (dark) red blood and dust.

O Ibn Shabeeb! If you cry for al-Husain (as) in such a way that tears flow down your cheeks, then Allah (swt) will forgive all the sins that you have committed whether they be minor or major, whether they be a few or many.

O Ibn Shabeeb! If you would like to meet the Allah (azwj) without having any sins then go to visit al-Husain (as).

O Ibn Shabeeb! If you would like to accompany the Prophet (saww) in the rooms of Paradise, then curse the killers of al-Husain (as).

O Ibn Shabeeb! If you would like to be rewarded just as those who were martyred along with al-Husain ibn Ali (as), whenever you remember al-Husain (as) say, ‘I wish I was with them and could achieve the great success.’

O Ibn Shabeeb! If you would like to be in the same high ranks in Paradise with Us, then be sad when we are sad and be happy when we are happy, and obligatory upon you is our Mastership (Wilayat). For if a person loves a rock, Allah (swt) will resurrect him with the rock on the day of Judgement.”

[Source: Uyoon al-Akhbar al-Ridha, Vol. 1, Ch. 28, Hadith. 53]