Manners of Ziyarat

Don't pray standing in front(ahead) of the grave

رَوَى مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ دَاوُدَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الْحِمْيَرِيُّ قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَى الْفَقِيهِ ع أَسْأَلُهُ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَزُورُ قُبُورَ الْأَئِمَّةِ ع هَلْ يَجُوزُ لَهُ أَنْ يَسْجُدَ عَلَى الْقَبْرِ أَمْ لَا وَ هَلْ يَجُوزُ لِمَنْ صَلَّى عِنْدَ قُبُورِهِمْ أَنْ يَقُومَ وَرَاءَ الْقَبْرِ وَ يَجْعَلَ الْقَبْرَ قِبْلَةً وَ يَقُومَ عِنْدَ رَأْسِهِ وَ رِجْلَيْهِ وَ هَلْ يَجُوزُ أَنْ يَتَقَدَّمَ الْقَبْرَ وَ يُصَلِّيَ وَ يَجْعَلَهُ خَلْفَهُ أَمْ لَا فَأَجَابَ«» وَ قَرَأْتُ التَّوْقِيعَ وَ مِنْهُ نَسَخْتُ أَمَّا السُّجُودُ عَلَى الْقَبْرِ فَلَا يَجُوزُ فِي نَافِلَةٍ وَ لَا فَرِيضَةٍ وَ لَا زِيَارَةٍ بَلْ يَضَعُ خَدَّهُ الْأَيْمَنَ عَلَى الْقَبْرِ وَ أَمَّا الصَّلَاةُ فَإِنَّهَا خَلْفَهُ يَجْعَلُهُ الْأَمَامَ وَ لَا يَجُوزُ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ لِأَنَّ الْإِمَامَ لَا يُتَقَدَّمُ وَ يُصَلِّي عَنْ يَمِينِهِ وَ شِمَالِهِ


Narrated to me Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Dawood, from his father, from Muhammad bin Abdillah Al-Himayri who said,

In a letter written to the Faqih [Imam Az Zaman (atfs)] a person asked the question,

[Question]: "A man goes for Ziyarah of the graves of the Imam's (as). Is it permitted or not that he prostrates upon/on the grave? And is it permitted that when praying near the graves of some of the Imam's (as) that he stands behind the grave and makes the grave (in the direction of) Qibla? Or stands near the head of the grave or near the leg of the grave? And is it permitted or not that he stands in front of the grave and prays and the grave if behind him?"

And he recited the letter [reply from the Imam (atfs)] from his copy:

[Answer]: "As for prostration upon the grave it is not permissible in naafilah prayers, obligatory prayers, and in ziyaarah. And upon him is the act that he puts his right cheek on the grave. And as for the Prayers, keep the grave of the Imam in front and stand behind it. Its not permissible to pray in front of the grave because for the Imam (as) should not be advanced and (do not)* pray on the left or right side of the grave."

[Source: Tahzeeb Al-Ahkam, Vol. 2, Pg. 228]
Narraration is Saheeh (Authentic) as per chain of narrators.


* Same narration is present in Al-Ehtejaaj, Vol.2, Pg. 312 and quoted in Bihar Al-Anwar Vol. 53. Pg.165 . Where in its clear that one should not pray even to the left and right of the grave, but pray behind the grave, keeping the grave in front.


Don't show your back to the Grave until you exit

Part of long narration from Imam Sadiq (as) teaching a Ziyarah of Imam Husain (as):

فإذا خرجت فلا تُوَلِّ وَجْهَك عن القبر حتّى تخرج

"When you leave, do not turn your face from the grave until you exit."
(This would mean do not show your back to the grave untill you exit)

[Source: Kamil Al-Ziyarat, Chapter. 84, Hadees. 2]


Saddened look on the face when going for Ziyarah of Imam Husain (as)

حدثني ابي واخي وعلي بن الحسين وغيرهم رحمهم الله، عن سعد بن عبد الله بن ابي خلف، عن احمد بن محمد بن عيسى الاشعري، عن علي بن الحكم، عن بعض أصحابنا، عن ابي عبد الله (عليه السلام)، قال: إذا أردت زيارة الحسين (عليه السلام) فزره وأنت كئيب حزين مكروب، شعث مغبر، جائع عطشان، فان الحسين قتل حزينا مكروبا شعثا مغبرا جائعا عطشانا، وسله الحوائج، وانصرف عنه ولا تتخذه وطنا

My father, my brother, Ali bin Husain and others all narrated to me from Sa'd ibn Abdillah ibn Abi Khalaf, from Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Isa Al-Ashari, from Ali bin Hakam, from some of our companions, who said:

Abu Abdillah Imam Sadiq (as) said,

"When you want to go to the Ziyarah of Husain (as), go to his Ziyarah while you are saddened, anguished, gried-stricken, disheveled, covered with dust, hungry and thirsty for verily Husain (as) was killed while He was saddened, anguished, disheveled, covered with dust, hungry and thirsty.Then ask him for your needs and then leave. Do not take it (karbala) as your homeland.

[Source: Kamil Al-Ziyarat, Chapter. 48, Hadees. 3]
All narrators are trustworthy. The only missing thing is "from a few companions" who are unknown. In addition there are 3 more narrations with the same meaning.

Walk barefooted when going towards the Grave of Imam Husain (as)

وحدثني علي بن الحسين بن موسى بن بابويه وجماعة رحمهم الله، عن سعد بن عبد الله، عن الحسن بن علي بن عبد الله ابن المغيرة، عن العباس بن عامر، عن جابر المكفوف، عن ابي الصامت، قال: سمعت ابا عبد الله (عليه السلام) وهو يقول: من أتى قبر الحسين (عليه السلام) ماشيا كتب الله له بكل خطوة الف حسنة ومحا عنه الف سيئة ورفع له الف درجة. فإذا اتيت الفرات فاغتسل وعلق نعليك وامش حافيا، وامش مشي العبد الذليل، فإذا اتيت باب الحائر فكبر اربعا، ثم امش قليلا ثم كبر اربعا، ثم ائت رأسه فقف عليه فكبر اربعا وصل عنده، واسأل الله حاجتك

Ali bin Husain bin Musa bin Babawayh and a group narrate to me, from Sad bin Abdillah, from Hasan bin Ali bin Abdillah bin Mughirah, from Abbas bin Amir from Jabir Al-Makfoof, from Abu Samit who said:

I heard Aba Abdillah Imam Sadiq (as) say,

"Allah will register one thousand good deeds and erase one thousand bad deeds for every step taken by those who go to the Ziyarah of the grave of Husain (as) on foot. He will also increase their status one thousand times."

"When you arrive at the river Eupharets (furat), perform Ghusl, carry your shoes and walk barefooted like a humble slave. Once you arrive at the door of the Ha'ir recite Takbir four times. Then walk a little and repeat this four more times. Then approach the location close to His head, stand there and repeat it four more times. Establish prayers next to His grave and ask Allah (swt) for your needs."

[Source: Kamil Al-Ziyarat, Chapter. 49, Hadees. 4] 
All narrators are trustworthy with 2 exceptions.
Jabir Al-Makfoof - Majhool (unknown)
Abu-Samit - considered trustworthy due to being a narrator in Tafseer-e-Qummi - See 'Mashaaikh Al-Thiqaat' by Gulam Reza Arfaniyaan.


Don't eat sweets and delicious food when in Karbala

حدثني ابي رحمه الله وعلي بن الحسين وجماعة مشايخي رحمهم الله، عن سعد بن عبد الله بن ابي خلف، عن احمد بن محمد بن عيسى، عن علي بن الحكم، عن بعض أصحابنا، قال: قال أبو عبد الله (عليه السلام): بلغني ان قوما إذا زاروا الحسين (عليه السلام) حملوا معهم السفر فيها الحلاوة والاخبصة وأشباهها، ولو زاروا قبور أحبائهم ما حملوا معهم هذا

My Father Ali bin Husain and all of my scholars narrated to me from Sa'd bin Abdullah bin Abi Khalaf, from Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Isa, from Ali bin Hakam, from some of our companions, who said:

Abu Abdillah Imam Sadiq (as) said,

"I have been informed that some people go to the Ziyarah of Husain (as) carrying different kinds of food with them, including sweet and Akhbisah (a type of desert) and other similar deserts. Verily if they had gone to the graves of their loved ones, they would not have taken any of these things with them.

[Source: Kamil Al-Ziyarat, Chapter. 47, Hadees. 1]  
All narrators are trustworthy. The only missing thing is "from a few companions" who are unknown. In addition there are 3 more narrations with the same meaning.