Status of the AhlulBait (as)

AhlulBait (as) created as a means between Allah (swt) and his Creations

أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبدالله، قال: حدثنا أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى، عن الحسين بن سعيد، عن فضالة بن أيوب، عن أبان بن عثمان، عن محمد بن مسلم، قال: سمعت أبا عبدالله عليه السلام يقول: إن لله عزوجل خلقا خلقهم من نوره، ورحمة من رحمته لرحمته، فهم عين الله الناظرة، واذنه السامعة، ولسانه الناطق في خلقه باذنه، وامناؤه على ماأنزل من عذر أونذر أوحجة، فبهم يمحو الله السيئات، وبهم يدفع الضيم، وبهم ينزل الرحمة، وبهم يحيي ميتا ويميت حيا، وبهم يبتلي خلقه، وبهم يقضي في خلقه قضية.
قلت: جعلت فداك من هؤلاء؟ قال: الاوصياء.

My father - Allah have mercy on Him - said: Sa`d b. `Abdullah narrated to us, he said: Ahmad b. Muhammad b. `Isa narrated to us, from Hasan b. Sa`eed, from Fudalah b. Ayyub, from Abban b. `Uthman, from Muhammad b. Muslim, who said: I heard Aba `Abdillah (as) say:

"Indeed Allah, Mighty and Exalted, created certain creatures from His light, and a mercy from His mercy for the sake of His Mercy. For these are the eye of Allah that sees, and His ear that hears, and His tongue that speaks to His creation by His permission, and the safeguards over what has descended from (His) justifications and warnings and proofs. And through them He wards off grievances, and through them He sends down mercy, and through them He enlivens the dead, and causes to die the living. And through them He afflicts His creation (with tribulations), and through them He judges cases among His creation."

I asked: May I be your ransom - Who are these?

He (as) replied: Al-Awsiyaa (the vice-regents).

[Source: Al-Tawheed by Sheikh Sadooq, Pg 167, H 24]

Note: Authentic Hadees as per the Sanad analysis.

The above hadees clearly indicates that the AhlulBait (as) are the medium between Allah (swt) and his creations and have the authority over the creations as proved from the other narrations below. 


The Amr of Allah (swt)

حدثنا محمد بن عبد الجبار عن البرقي عن فضالة بن أيوب عن عبد الله بن أبي يعفور قال:
قال لي أبو عبد الله عليه السلام يا ابن أبي يعفور ان الله تبارك وتعالى واحد متوحد بالوحدانية متفرد بأمره فخلق خلقا ففردهم لذلك الأمر فنحن هم يا بن أب يعفور فنحن حجج الله في عباده وشهداؤه في خلقه وامنائه وخزانه على علمه والداعون إلى سبيله و القائمون بذلك فمن أطاعنا فقد أطاع الله

Narrated to us Muhammad bin Abdul-Jabbar, from Al-Baraqi, from Fazalat bin Ayub, from Abdullah bin Abi Yafoor who said, Abu Abdillah (as) said to me:

"O son of Abi Yafoor, Verily Allah, blessed and high is One and is Alone in his Oneness, unique/individual in His Amr (orders). He created the creation and then made them solely for that Amr (orders) and We are those, O son of Abi Yafoor. And we are the Proofs of Allah (swt) in his servents and His witness in his creations and His Trustees and His treasury over His knowledge and the callers towards His path and those who establish with it (his Amr). Who obeys Us, then he has obeyed Allah (swt)."

[Source: Basaair Al-Darajaat, Vol. 2, Chapter. 3, Hadees. 4]
All narrators are trustworthy, Hadees is Saheeh(Authentic)


Allah (swt) choose AhlulBait (as) for Himself

حدثنا عباد بن سليمان عن ابيه قال قال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام ان الله تبارك و تعالى انتجبنا لنفسه فجعلنا صفوته من خلقه وامناؤه على وحيه وخزانة في ارضه وموضع سره وعيبة علمه ثم اعطانا الشفاعة فنحن اذنه السامعة وعينه الناظرة ولسانه الناطق باذنه وامناؤه على ما نزل من عذر ونذر وحجة

Narrated Abbad bin Sulayman, from his father who said;

Abu Abdillah Imam Sadiq (as) said, "Surely Allah (swt) chose Us for himself and made us the elite ones (best) from His creation and His trustees upon his reveleations (Wahi) and treasure in his earth and place (location) of His secrets and the keepers of His knowledge. Then he gave us Al-Shifa'at (intercession). We are His ears that hear and His eyes that see and His speaking tongue by his permission. And His trustees upon what has been revealed from reasons, warnings and proofs."

[Source: Basaair Al-Darajaat, Vol. 2, Chapter. 3, Hadees. 7]


The Charge of all matters of the creation given to AhlulBait (as)

عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَجَّالِ عَنْ ثَعْلَبَةَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ وَ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع يَقُولَانِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ فَوَّضَ إِلَى نَبِيِّهِ ص أَمْرَ خَلْقِهِ لِيَنْظُرَ كَيْفَ طَاعَتُهُمْ ثُمَّ تَلَا هَذِهِ الْآيَةَ ما آتاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَ ما نَهاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانْتَهُوا

A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Hajjal from Tha‘laba from Zurara who has said the following.

"I heard abu Ja‘far and abu ‘Abd Allah (as) say, ‘Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High has made the Holy Prophet in charge of the affairs of His creatures to see how their obedience is. He then recited this verse of Holy Quran, "... what the Messenger (of Allah) you, you must take (obey) and what he prohibits you, you must desist from ..." (59:7)

[Source: Al Kaafi Vol.1 Pg.266]

Note: Authentic Hadees as per the Sanad analysis. See Miraat-Al-Uqool - Allama Majlisi - Vol.3 Pg.150]


مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى أَدَّبَ نَبِيَّهُ ص فَلَمَّا انْتَهَى بِهِ إِلَى مَا أَرَادَ قَالَ لَهُ إِنَّكَ لَعَلى‏ خُلُقٍ عَظِيمٍ (القلم:4) فَفَوَّضَ إِلَيْهِ دِينَهُ فَقَالَ وَ ما آتاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَ ما نَهاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانْتَهُوا (الحشر:7) وَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ فَرَضَ الْفَرَائِضَ وَ لَمْ يَقْسِمْ لِلْجَدِّ شَيْئاً وَ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ص أَطْعَمَهُ السُّدُسَ فَأَجَازَ اللَّهُ جَلَّ ذِكْرُهُ لَهُ ذَلِكَ وَ ذَلِكَ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ هذا عَطاؤُنا فَامْنُنْ أَوْ أَمْسِكْ بِغَيْرِ حِساب‏

Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Sinan from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar from abu ‘Abd Allah (as) who has said the following.

"Allah, the Most Ho    ly, the Most High, disciplined and educated His Prophet to the level that He wanted and said, ‘O Muhammad, you certainly possess a great degree of moral discipline and education.’ (64:4). Then He made him the in charge of His religion and said, ". . . what the Messenger (of Allah) would bring you, you must take (obey) and what he would prohibit you, you must desist from. . ." (59:7) Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, declared the laws of inheritance and did not assign any part for the grandfather. The Messenger of Allah assigned one sixth for him. Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, granted permission in the matter in His words as follows. "This is our gift to you; you may grant it others or keep it without being held responsible (38:39)"

[Source: Al Kaafi Vol.1 Pg.267]

Note: Authentic Hadees as per the Sanad analysis. See Miraat-Al-Uqool - Allama Majlisi - Vol.3 Pg.153]

Now since we get all blessings through the AhlulBait (as) and all the matters (Amr) of the creations are under their control  it would obviously not be wrong to call upon them for our wishes.  Read here for more on calling upon the Imam's (as).

Now if some once claims that the Imam's (as) have these authorities only as long as they are alive in this world then please read below:

Imam's (as) do not die!!
 
Imam Ali (as)  said:

يموت من مات منا و ليس بميت و يبقى من بقي منا

"..The One who Dies among us does not die (actually) and will remain.."

[Source: Basair Ad-darajat Pg 275]


Imam Ali (as) said:

عَنْ خَاتَمِ النَّبِيِّينَ ص إِنَّهُ يَمُوتُ مَنْ مَاتَ مِنَّا وَ لَيْسَ بِمَيِّتٍ وَ يَبْلَى مَنْ بَلِيَ مِنَّا وَ لَيْسَ بِبَال

"From the Last of the Prophets (saww) who said, "He who dies from among us is not dead and he who decays from among us does not really decay." 

[Source: Nahjul Balagha Sermon: 87]


The nine things given to Imam Ali (as)


أَبِي رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا سَعْدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَحْمَدُ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَحْمَدُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ زَكَرِيَّا عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ نُعَيْمٍ عَنْ يَزْدَادَ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ‏ عَمَّنْ حَدَّثَهُ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ع‏ وَ اللَّهِ لَقَدْ أَعْطَانِي اللَّهُ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى تِسْعَةَ أَشْيَاءَ لَمْ يُعْطِهَا أَحَداً قَبْلِي خَلَا النَّبِيَّ ص لَقَدْ فُتِحَتْ لِي السُّبُلُ وَ عُلِّمْتُ الْأَنْسَابَ وَ أَجْرَى لِي‏ السَّحَابَ وَ عُلِّمْتُ الْمَنَايَا وَ الْبَلَايَا وَ فَصْلَ الْخِطَابِ وَ لَقَدْ نَظَرْتُ فِي الْمَلَكُوتِ بِإِذْنِ رَبِّي فَمَا غَابَ عَنِّي مَا كَانَ قَبْلِي وَ مَا يَأْتِي بَعْدِي وَ إِنَّ بِوَلَايَتِي أَكْمَلَ اللَّهُ لِهَذِهِ الْأُمَّةِ دِينَهُمْ وَ أَتَمَّ عَلَيْهِمُ النِّعَمَ وَ رَضِيَ إِسْلَامَهُمْ إِذْ يَقُولُ يَوْمَ الْوَلَايَةِ لِمُحَمَّدٍ ص يَا مُحَمَّدُ أَخْبِرْهُمْ أَنِّي أَكْمَلْتُ لَهُمُ الْيَوْمَ دِينَهُمْ وَ رَضِيتُ لَهُمُ‏ الْإِسْلامَ دِيناً وَ أَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْهِمْ نِعْمَتِي كُلُّ ذَلِكَ مِنْ مَنِّ اللَّهِ عَلَيَّ فَلَهُ الْحَمْد

Imam Sadiq (as) said that Ameerul Momineen Ali b. Abi Talib (as) said, "I swear by Allah (swt) that Allah (swt) has granted me nine things which He has not granted to anyone before me other than the Prophet (saww):

1) The paths are opened for me.
2) I have been taught the relations/races. 
3) the clouds are set adrift for me.
4) I know about the deaths and the calamities,
5) (I have been granted) decisive speech,
6) And certainly I gaze at the universe with Allah’s Permission, And is not hidden from me what was before Me and what is after me.
7) And through my authority (Wilayat) Allah has perfected the religion of this nation
8) And perfected His Blessings upon them
9) And is satisfied with their religion
As He said on the Day of Wilayat (Ghadeer), ‘O Muhammad! Inform them that today I have perfected their religion and am satisfied with them with Islam as their religion., I have completed my Blessings for them. 

All this is from the blessings of Allah (swt) upon Me and all praise is for Him.

[Source: al-Khisal, Sheikh Sadooq, Vol. 2, Chapter. 9, Hadees. 4]