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072: al-Jinn

Chapter. 72, Verse. 13, 21-24: Wilayat is the guidance and those who don't follow it are in hell

محمد بن يعقوب: عن علي بن محمد، عن بعض أصحابنا، عن ابن محبوب، عن محمد بن الفضيل، عن أبي الحسن الماضي (عليه السلام)، قال: قلت: قوله: أَنَّا لَمَّا سَمِعْنَا الْهُدى‏ آمَنَّا بِهِ‏ قال: «الهدى: الولاية، آمنا بمولانا فمن آمن بولاية مولاه فلا يخاف بخسا ولا رهقا». قلت: تنزيل؟ قال: «لا، تأويل».

قلت: قوله: لا أَمْلِكُ لَكُمْ ضَرًّا وَلا رَشَداً . قال: «إن رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وآله) دعا الناس إلى ولاية علي (عليه السلام)، فاجتمعت إليه قريش، فقالوا: يا محمد، أعفنا من هذا. فقال لهم رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وآله): هذا إلى الله ليس إلي. فاتهموه وخرجوا من عنده، فأنزل الله: قُلْ إِنِّي لا أَمْلِكُ لَكُمْ ضَرًّا وَلا رَشَداً* قُلْ إِنِّي لَنْ يُجِيرَنِي مِنَ اللَّهِ‏ (١) أَحَدٌ وَلَنْ أَجِدَ مِنْ دُونِهِ مُلْتَحَداً* إِلَّا بَلاغاً مِنَ اللَّهِ وَرِسالاتِهِ ‏في علي». قلت: هذا تنزيل؟ قال: «نعم، ثم قال توكيدا: وَمَنْ يَعْصِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ‏ في ولاية علي‏ فَإِنَّ لَهُ نارَ جَهَنَّمَ خالِدِينَ فِيها أَبَداً ».

قلت: حَتَّى إِذا رَأَوْا ما يُوعَدُونَ فَسَيَعْلَمُونَ مَنْ أَضْعَفُ ناصِراً وَأَقَلُّ عَدَداً (٢) : «يعني بذلك القائم (عليه السلام) وأنصاره


I (the narrator) then asked the Imam Moosa Kazim (as), about the words of Allah: 'Now that we have listened to the guidance, we believe in it. . . . (72:13) The Imam said, ‘Guidance is Wilayah of Ali (as).

"We believe in Wilayah of our Master/gaurdian (Maula) and those who belief in the Wilayah of their Master does not fear loss or oppression."

"I then asked the Imam, 'Is it (the words of the Imam) the revealed words of Allah?’ He (the Imam) said, 'No, it is interpretation.'

"I then asked him about the words of Allah: 'Say, I do not possess any power to harm or benefit you.’ (72:21) The Imam said, ‘The Messenger of Allah called people to accept the Wilayah of Ali (as). Quraysh came to him and said, "O Muhammad, absolve us (keep us free) from this (wilayah)." The Messenger of Allah said, "It is not from me but it is up to Allah." They accused him and left him. Allah then revealed this reading: "Say, 'I do not possess any power to harm or benefit you." (72:21) "Say, 'No one can protect me from Allah, [if I disobey Him] nor can I find any place of refuge but with Him (72:22). My only (means of protection) is to convey the message of Allah." (72:23), about Ali (as)."

"I then asked, 'Is it the revealed words of Allah?' He (the Imam) said, 'Yes, it is the revealed word of Allah.' Allah has, to place more emphasis, said, 'whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger [in the matters of Wilayah of Ali (as)] is doomed to hell, wherein he will live forever.’ (72:23)

"I then read the words of Allah: '. . . until the unbelievers witness that with which they have been warned. They will then know whose helpers are weaker and fewer in number." (72:24), by that it means al-Qaim (atfs) and his helpers."

(part of a lengthy narration)

[Source: al-Kafi, Vol. 1, Pg. 434]


Chapter. 72, Verse. 18 - Taking others as Imam's is like taking others as God

وعنه: عن محمد بن أبي بكر، عن محمد بن إسماعيل، عن عيسى بن داود النجار، عن الإمام موسى بن جعفر (عليهما السلام) ، في قول الله عز وجل: وَأَنَّ الْمَساجِدَ لِلَّهِ فَلا تَدْعُوا مَعَ اللَّهِ أَحَداً ، قال: سمعت أبي جعفر بن محمد (عليهما السلام) يقول: هم الأوصياء الأئمة منا واحد فواحد، فلا تدعوا إلى غيرهم فتكونوا كمن دعا مع الله أحدا، هكذا نزلت

Narrated Mohammad bin Abi Bakr, from Mohammad bin Ismaeel, from Isa bin Dawood al-Najjar;

From Imam Moosa Kazim (as) about the saying of Allah (swt), "And the places of prostration (worship) are for Allah (swt), hence do not call upon any one else along with Allah (swt) (72:18)"

Imam Kazim (as) said, I heard My Father Aba Jafar Imam Sadiq (as) saying, "They are the Guardians the Imams from Us (AhlulBait) one after the other, Hence do not call upon (adhere to) other than the Imams (as), else you will be like those who call upon others along with Allah (swt). This is how the verse descended."

[Source: Taweel al-Aayat, Pg. 705]