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002: Al-Baqara

Chapter: 2, Verse: 57 - Oppression on the AhlulBait (as) is oppression on Allah (swt)

عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الْمَاضِي ع قَال‏

 أَ لَا تَرَى أَنَّ اللَّهَ يَقُولُ وَ ما ظَلَمُونا وَ لكِنْ كانُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ يَظْلِمُونَ (البقرة -: 57 -) قَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ أَعَزُّ وَ أَمْنَعُ مِنْ أَنْ يَظْلِمَ أَوْ يَنْسُبَ نَفْسَهُ إِلَى ظُلْمٍ وَ لَكِنَّ اللَّهَ خَلَطَنَا بِنَفْسِهِ فَجَعَلَ ظُلْمَنَا ظُلْمَهُ وَ وَلَايَتَنَا وَلَايَتَهُ ثُمَّ أَنْزَلَ بِذَلِكَ قُرْآناً عَلَى نَبِيِّهِ فَقَالَ وَ ما ظَلَمْناهُمْ وَ لكِنْ كانُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ يَظْلِمُونَ (النحل -: 118 -) قُلْتُ هَذَا تَنْزِيلٌ قَالَ نَعَم‏


Ali bin Muhammad, from some companions, from Ibn Mahboob, from Muhammad bin Al-Fuzail, from Abi Al-Hasan [Moosa Kazim] (as):

(part of a lengthy narration)

"Have  you not seen that Allah (swt) says, "And they did not oppress Us, but they oppressed their own self's" [2:57].

Imam (as) said, "Verily Allah (swt) is far more gracious that He does oppression (injustice) or that he ascribes oppression (injustice) to Himself. But Allah has mixed Us with His Self. So he has called any oppression (injustice) on Us as oppression on Him. And Our Wilayah is His Wilayah. Regarding that he send down in the Quran upon his Prophet (saww), "We did not do any wrong to them but they wronged themselves." [16:118]

[Source: Al-Kafi, Vol.1, Pg. 435]
Note: There is another narration in Al-Kafi on similar lines


Chapter: 2, Verse: 58 - Imam's (as) are the door of Hitta (Repentance)

وَادْخُلُوا الْبَابَ سُجَّدًا وَقُولُوا حِطَّةٌ نَّغْفِرْ لَكُمْ خَطَايَاكُمْ
"And enter the door prostrate and say “Repentance”, We will forgive you your sins"


روي عن الباقر (عليه السلام) أنه قال نحن باب حطتكم 

Narrated from Imam Baqir (as) and He (as) said, "We are the door of Hittah (Repentance) for you" 

[Source: Tafseer e Majm'a Al-Bayan, Vol. 1, Pg. 210]

عن سليمان الجعفرى قال : سمعت أبا الحسن الرضا عليه السلام في قول الله " وقولوا حطة نغفر لكم خطاياكم " قال : فقال أبوجعفر عليه السلام نحن باب حطتكم

Narrated from Sulayman Al-Jafari who said, I heard Abal Hasan Al-Reza (as) say regarding the saying of Allah (swt), "Say Repentence, We will forgive you your sins." Imam (as) said, "We are the door of Hittah (Repentance) for you."

[Source: Tafseer-e-Ayyashi, Vol. 1, Pg. 45]


Chapter: 2, Verse: 143 - Imam's (as) witness over the people

وَكَذَٰلِكَ جَعَلْنَاكُمْ أُمَّةً وَسَطًا لِّتَكُونُوا شُهَدَاءَ عَلَى النَّاسِ وَيَكُونَ الرَّسُولُ عَلَيْكُمْ شَهِيدًا

"Thus, have We made of you an Ummat justly balanced, that ye might be witnesses over the nations, and the Messenger a witness over yourselves."[2:143]

علي بن إبراهيم، عن أبيه، عن محمد بن أبي عمير، عن ابن اذينة، عن بريد العجلي قال: قلت لابي جعفر)عليه السلام (قول الله تبارك وتعالى: " وكذلك جعلناكم امة وسطا لتكونوا شهداء على الناس ويكون الرسول عليكم شهيدا " قال: نحن الامة الوسط ونحن شهداء الله تبارك وتعالى على خلقه، وحججه في أرضه، قلت: قوله تعالى: " يا أيها الذين آمنوا اركعوا واسجدوا واعبدوا ربكم وافعلوا الخير لعلكم تفلحون * وجاهدوا في الله حق جهاده هو اجتباكم " قال: إيانا عنى ونحن المجتبون، ولم يجعل الله تبارك وتعالى في الدين " من حرج " فالحرج أشد من الضيق " ملة أبيكم إبراهيم " إيانا عنى خاصة و " سماكم المسلمين " الله سمانا المسلمين " من قبل " في الكتب التي مضت " وفي هذا " القرآن " ليكون الرسول عليكم شهيدا وتكونوا شهداء على الناس " فرسول اللهصلى الله عليه وآله( الشهيد علينا بما بلغنا عن الله تبارك وتعالى، ونحن الشهداء على الناس، فمن صدق يوم القيامة صدقناه ومن كذب كذبناه

Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Muhammad ibn abu ‘Umayr from ibn ’Udhayna from Burayd al-‘Ijli who has said the following. 

"I asked (Imam) abu Ja'far (as) about the meaning of the words of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High,
‘We have made you (true Muslims) a moderate nation so that you would be (witness) an example for all people and the Prophet (a witness) an example for you . . .." [2:143]

The Imam (as) said, "We are the moderate nation and we are the witness for Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, over the activities of His creatures and possess His authority on earth." 

I then asked about the meaning of the following verse of the Holy Quran that says,
"Believers, worship your Lord, bow down and prostrate yourselves before Him and do virtuous deeds so that perhaps you will have everlasting happiness. Strive steadfastly for the cause of Allah. He has chosen you. ." [22:77-78]

The Imam (as) said, "It refers to us and we are the chosen ones. Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, has not sanctioned anything in religion that would be a constraint up on the people. Al-Haraj (hardships) is more serious than al-Diq (constraint.) " . . .But has not imposed on you hardship in your religion, the noble religion of your father, Abraham. Allah named you Muslims before and in this Book, so that the Messenger will witness (your actions) and you will be the witness over mankind." [22:78]

The Imam (as) said, " ‘Your father’ also is a reference to us. Allah has called us specially as Muslims in the heavenly books that were revealed before and in this Holy Book (the Holy Quran) The Holy Prophet (as) has testified in our favor by conveying the message of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High. We bear witness to the activities of the people and on the Day of Judgment certify the faith of those who have acknowledged our Divine authority and reject those who have rejected our Divine authority."

[Source: Al-kafi, Vol. 1 Pg. 191]
Note: Good (Hasan) near Majlisi as per the chain of narrators. See Miraat-Al-Uqool - Allama Majlisi - Vol.2 Pg.343] 

There are other narrations with similar meaning in Al-Kafi, Kitab-Al-Hujjah, Chapter. 9


Chapter: 2, Verse:269 - Those granted Wisdom

عليّ بن إبراهيم، عن محمّد بن عيسى، عن يونس، عن أيّوب بن الحرّ عن أبي بصير، عن أبي عبد اللّه (عليه السلام) في قول اللّه عزّ و جلّ "وَ مَنْ يُؤْتَ الْحِكْمَةَ فَقَدْ أُوتِيَ خَيْراً كَثِيراً فقال: طاعة اللّه و معرفة الامام

From Aba Abdillah Imam Sadiq (asws) about the saying of Allah (swt), "The one who is given Wisdom, is given abundant/great good" (2:269),
Imam (as) said, "Obedience of Allah (swt) and Ma'refat (recognition/knowing) of the Imam"

[Source: al-Kafi, Vol. 1, Pg. 185]
Note: Hadith is Saheeh (Authentic) as per the chain of narrators. See Miraat al-Uqool - Allama Majlisi - Vol. 2, Pg. 321]