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022: al-Hajj

Chapter. 22, Verse. 52-55: Abu Bakr and Umar are inspirations of Satan and Allah (swt) nullifies them by Imam Ali (as)

فانّه روي عن أبي عبد اللَّه عليه السلام انّ رسول اللَّه صلّى اللَّه عليه و آله اصابه خصاصة فجاء الى رجل من الأنصار فقال له هل عندك من طعام قال نعم يا رسول اللَّه و ذبح له عناقاً و شواه فلمّا أدناه منه تمنّى رسول اللَّه صلّى اللَّه عليه و آله ان يكون معه عليّ و فاطمة و الحسن و الحسين عليهم السلام فجاء ابو بكر و عمر ثمّ جاء عليّ بعدهما فأنزل اللَّه عزّ و جلّ في ذلك وَ ما أَرْسَلْنا مِنْ قَبْلِكَ مِنْ رَسُولٍ وَ لا نَبِيٍّ وَ لا مُحَدّثٍ إِلَّا إِذا تَمَنَّى أَلْقَى الشَّيْطانُ فِي أُمْنِيَّتِهِ يعني أبا بكر و عمر فَيَنْسَخُ اللَّهُ ما يُلْقِي الشَّيْطانُ يعني لمّا جاء عليّ عليه السلام بعدهما ثُمَّ يُحْكِمُ اللَّهُ آياتِهِ لِلنّاسِ يعني ينصر اللّه امير المؤمنين عليه السلام‏

لِيَجْعَلَ ما يُلْقِي الشَّيْطانُ فِتْنَةً قال يعني فلاناً و فلاناً.  لِلَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ مَرَضٌ قال شك‏

وَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَهادِ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِلى‏ صِراطٍ مُسْتَقِيمٍ يعني الى الإِمام المستقيم‏

ثم قال: وَ لا يَزالُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا فِي مِرْيَةٍ مِنْهُ أي في شك من أمير المؤمنين ع‏


Abu Abdillah Imam Sadiq (as) said:

"Once the Holy Prophet (saww) felt hungry and he came to a man from ansar's and said to him, 'Do you have any food?' 

The man said, 'Yes O' Messenger of Allah'. And he slaughtered a she goat and roasted/grilled it. When he came with it, the Prophet (saww) desired that Ali (as), Fatema (sa), Hasan (as) and Husain (as) would be with him. Then Abu Bakr and Umar came to the Prophet (saww) and after them Imam Ali (as) came to the Prophet (saww)."

Then Allah (swt) revealed regarding this,

"And We did not send before you any messenger or prophet, but when he desired, the Shaitan made a suggestion respecting his desire [22:52]" -  meaning Abu Bakr and Umar.

"But Allah annuls that which the Shaitan casts [22:52]"  - referring to Imam Ali (as) who came after Abu Bakr and Umar came. 

"Then does Allah establish His communications [22:52]" - meaning Allah (swt) helps Amir al Momineen (as).

"So that He may make what the Shaitan casts a trial [22:53]" - meaning Fulan & Fulan (Abu Bakr and Umar).

"for those in whose hearts is disease [22:53]" - meaning doubt. 

"And most surely Allah is the Guide of those who believe into a straight path [22:54]" - meaning towards the straight (rightful) Imam.

"And those who disbelieve shall not cease to be in doubt concerning it [22:55]" - meaning doubting in Amir al-Momineen (as).

[Source: Tafseer al-Qummi, Vol. 2, Pg. 81-82]