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036: Yaseen

Chapter: 36, Verse: 12 - Knowledge of the Imam (as)

وَكُلَّ شَيْءٍ أَحْصَيْنَاهُ فِي إِمَامٍ مُّبِينٍ

“And we have kept the account of everything in an evident Imam” [36:12]

Following is taken from the sermon of Prophet Muhammad on the day of Ghadeer, as narrated by Imam Muhammad Baqir (as).

معاشر الناس ما من علم إلا و قد أحصاه الله في و كل علم علمنيه قد علمته عليا و المتقين من ولده و هو الإمام المبين الذي ذكره الله في سورة يس وَ كُلَّ شَيْ ءٍ أَحْصَيْناهُ فِي إِمامٍ مُبِينٍ

“O People! There is no knowledge except that Allah has kept its account in Me. And all the knowledge that I have, have taught Ali and the Pious ones from his progeny [Imam’s (as)] and He [Ali (as)] is the evident Imams that has been mentioned by Allah in Chapter of Yasin, “And we have kept the account of everything in an evident Imam”. (36:12)

[Source: Al-Yaqin, Sayyid Ibn Tawus, Pg. 350]


حدثنا الحسن بن عبد الواحد، قال: حدثنا الحارث بن الحسن، قال: حدثنا أحمد بن إسماعيل بن صدقة، عن أبي الجارود، عن أبي جعفر محمد بن علي الباقر، عن أبيه، عن جده عليهم السلام قال: لما انزلت هذه الاية على رسول الله صلى الله عليه واله " وكل شئ أحصيناه في إمام مبين "قام أبو بكر وعمر من مجلسهما فقالا: يارسول الله هو التوراة ؟ قال: لا، قالا: فهو الانجيل ؟ قال: لا، قالا: فهو القرآن ؟ قال: لا. قال: فأقبل أمير المؤمنين علي عليه السلام فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه واله: هو هذا، إنهالامام الذي أحصى الله تبارك وتعالى فيه علم كل شئ


Narrated al-Hasan bin Abdul Wahid, from al-Haris bin al-Hasan, from Ahmad bin Ismail bin Sadaqah, from Abi Jarood,

From Abi Jafar Mohammad bin Ali al-Baqir (as), from his Father, from his forefather (as) who said, 

When the verse, "And all the things we have encompassed in an manifest Imam" (36:12) was revealed, Abu Bakr and Umar stood up and said, "O Prophet of Allah, is the manifest Imam 'Tawrat'? The Prophet said, 'No'. 
Then they said, 'Is it Injil (bible)'? The Prophet said, 'No'.
Then they said, 'Is it the Quran'? The Prophet said, 'No'.
Then Amir al-Momineen Ali (as) came and then the Prophet (saww) said, "He is the one. Verily He is the Imam in whom Allah (swt) has encompassed the knowledge of everything."

[Source: Ma'ani al-Akhbar, Vol. 1, Pg. 95]


Chapter: 36, Verse: 82 - The Will of Allah (swt)

ـ أحمد بن إدريس ، عن محمد بن عبد الجبار ، عن صفوان بن يحيى قال قلت لأبي الحسن عليه‌السلام أخبرني عن الإرادة من الله ومن الخلق قال فقال الإرادة من الخلق الضمير وما يبدو لهم بعد ذلك من الفعل وأما من الله تعالى فإرادته إحداثه لا غير ذلك لأنه لا يروي ولا يهم ولا يتفكر وهذه الصفات منفية عنه وهي صفات الخلق فإرادة الله الفعل لا غير ذلك يقول له كن فيكون بلا لفظ ولا نطق بلسان ولا همة ولا تفكر ولا كيف لذلك كما أنه لا كيف له

Narrated from Safwan ibn Yahya who said the following;

I asked abu al-Hassan (as) about the will of Allah and the will of His creatures.

The Imam (as) said, "The will of His creatures in their conscience (mind) and after that, it leads to action. The will of Allah (swt) is His bringing into existence and nothing else; Allah does not need to reflect, deliberate or think. Such qualities do not exist with Him, they are the attributes of His creation. Allah’s will is His acts and nothing else. He says to it: "Be" and it comes into existence, without any words or utterance of the tongue or any inclination and reflection. His will has no state/condition just as His Self has no state/condition."

[Source: al-Kafi, Vol. 1, Kitab al-Tawheed, Ch.14, H.3]