Tafseer‎ > ‎

49: Al-Hujuraat

Chapter: 49, Verse: 1 - Imam Ali's (as) use of Hikmat and Taqayya

قَالَ: وَ رَوَوْا عَنْ سُفْيَانَ، عَنْ فُضَيْلِ بْنِ الزُّبَيْرِ، عَنْ نَقِيعٍ، عَنْ أَبِي كُدَيْبَةَ الْأَزْدِيِّ، قَالَ: قَامَ رَجُلٌ إِلَى أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ فَسَأَلَهُ عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّه تَعَالَى: يا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لا تُقَدِّمُوا بَيْنَ يَدَيِ اللَّهِ وَ رَسُولِهِ. فِيمَنْ نَزَلَتْ؟.فَقَالَ: مَا تُرِيدُ؟ أَ تُرِيدُ أَنْ تُغْرِيَ بِيَ النَّاسَ؟. قَالَ: لَا يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ، وَ لَكِنْ أُحِبُّ أَنْ أَعْلَمَ. قَالَ: اجْلِسْ، فَجَلَسَ، فَقَالَ: اكْتُبْ عَامِراً اكْتُبْ مَعْمَراً اكْتُبْ عُمَرَ اكْتُبْ عَمَّاراً اكْتُبْ مُعْتَمِراً .. فِي أَحَدِ الْخَمْسَةِ نَزَلَتْ. قَالَ سُفْيَانُ: قُلْتُ لِفُضَيْلٍ:أَ تَرَاهُ عُمَرَ؟. قَالَ: فَمَنْ هُوَ غَيْرُه

Narrated from Sufyaan, from Fuzail bin Zubair, from Naqee, from Abi Kudaibah al-Azdee who said;

A man came to Amir al-Momineen (as) and asked him about the saying if Allah (swt), "O those who believe, do not put yourselfs forward before (ahead of) Allah (swt) and His Prophet (saww)" [49:1], for whom was this verse revealed?

Imam Ali (as) said, "What do you intend? Do you intend to entice people upon (killing) me"?
He said, "No, O'Amir al-Momineen (as), I wish that I know it".
Imam Ali (as) said, "Sit". He sat. 
Imam Ali (as) then said, "Write, 'Aamir', 'Ma'amar', 'Umar', 'Ammar', 'Mo'tamar'. The verse descended for one of these five.

Sufyaan (the narrator) says, "I said to Fuzail, Do you think it is Umar? He said, "Who other than him"?

[Source: Bihar al-Anwar, Vol. 30, Pg. 379-380 & Taqreeb al-Ma'arif, Pg. 243]