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53: An-Najm

Chapter: 53, Verse: 1-4

وَالنَّجْمِ إِذَا هَوَىٰ مَا ضَلَّ صَاحِبُكُمْ وَمَا غَوَىٰ وَمَا يَنطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوَىٰ إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحْيٌ يُوحَىٰ

"By the Star when it goes does. Your Companion is neither astray nor misled. Nor does He say out of his desire. It is not but an a revelation that is revealed to Him" [53:1-4]

عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْعَبَّاسِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شِمْرٍ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ عليه السلام

وَ فِي قَوْلِهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ النَّجْمِ إِذا هَوى قَالَ أُقْسِمُ بِقَبْضِ مُحَمَّدٍ إِذَا قُبِضَ ما ضَلَّ صاحِبُكُمْ بِتَفْضِيلِهِ أَهْلَ بَيْتِهِ وَ ما غَوى وَ ما يَنْطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوى يَقُولُ مَا يَتَكَلَّمُ بِفَضْلِ أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ بِهَوَاهُ وَ هُوَ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحْيٌ يُوحى

Ali Bin Muhammad, from Ali Bin Al-Abbas, from Ali Bin Hammad, from Amro Bin Shimr, from Jabir, from Abi Jafar (as):

(quoting only the required portion of the narration)

And regarding the Statement of the Mighty and Majestic; "I swear by the star when it goes down." [53:1]
He (as) said; "(It means) I Swear by the passing away of Muhammad (saww) when He passes away. "Your companion does not err"[53:2], in giving out the virtues of the AhlulBait (as). "Nor does he go astray" [53:2]. "Nor does he speak out of desire."[53-3] He (swt) is Saying that He [the Prophet (saww)] does not speak of the virtues of the AhlulBait (as) out of His own desires, and it is the Statement of Allah Mighty and Majestic, "It is naught but revelation that is revealed."[53:4].

[Source: Al-Kafi, Vol. 8, Pg. 380]


Chapter: 53, Verse: 57 - Prophet Muhammad the very first creation and very first Warner

هَٰذَا نَذِيرٌ مِّنَ النُّذُرِ الْأُولَىٰ
"This is a Warner, of the Warners of old." [53:57]
 
حدثنا علي بن الحسين عن احمد بن ابي عبدالله عن محمد بن علي عن علي بن اسباط عن علي بن معمر عن ابيه قال: سألت ابا عبدالله عليه السلام عن قول الله " هذا نذير من النذر الاولى " قال ان الله تبارك وتعالى لما ذرأ الخلق في الذر الاول فأقامهم صفوفا " وبعث الله محمدا فآمن به قوم وأنكره قوم، فقال الله هذا نذير من النذر الاولى، يعني به محمدا صلى الله عليه وآله حيث دعاهم إلى الله عزوجل في الذر الاول 

Narrated to me Ali bin Al-Husain, from Ahmad bin Abi Abdillah, from Muhammad bin Ali, from Ali bin Isbat, from Ali bin Mamar, from his father who said:

I asked Aba Abdillah (as) regarding the saying of Allah (swt), "This is a Warner, of the Warners of old." [53:57].

Imam (as) said, "When Allah (swt) created the creations in the form of particles firstly and made them to stand in rows. And then send Muhammad (saww). So a nation believed in Him and a nation denied Him. Hence is the saying of Allah, "This is a Warner, of the Warners of old." [53:57], meaning with Muhammad (saww) where they (the creations) were called towards Allah (swt) when in the form of particles the first."

[Source: Tafseer Al-Qummi, Vol. 2, Pg. 340]
Similar narration has come in Basaair Al-Darajaat also. see Basaair Al-Darajaat, Vol. 3, Chapter. 14, Hadees. 6

و بهذا الإسناد، عن الحسين، عن المفضل، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام، قال ما بعث الله نبيا أكرم من محمد صلى الله عليه و آله، و لا خلق الله قبله أحدا، و لا أنذر الله خلقه بأحد من خلقه قبل محمد صلى الله عليه و آله، فذلك قوله تعالى هذا نَذِيرٌ مِنَ النُّذُرِ الْأُولى، و قال إِنَّما أَنْتَ مُنْذِرٌ وَ لِكُلِّ قَوْمٍ هادٍ، فلم يكن قبله مطاع في الخلق، و لا يكون بعده إلى أن تقوم الساعة في كل قرن إلى أن يرث الله الأرض و من عليه

And with the previous chain of narrators, from Al-Husain, from Al-Mufazzal, from Abi Abdillah (as):

Abi Abdillah (as) said, "Allah (swt) has not sent any Prophet more generous that Muhammad (saww), And Allah (swt) has not created any one before Him. And Allah (swt) did not warn anyone of his creations before Muhammad (saww). Hence that is the saying of Allah (swt), "This is a Warner, of the Warners of old." [53:57]. 

[Source: Al-Amaali - Sheikh Toosi, Pg. 669, Hadees no. 1406]