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078: An-Naba

Chapter: 78, Verse: 40 - Why Imam Ali (as) is called 'Abu Turaab'?

لكني اعتمد في ذلك على ما حدثني به احمد بن الحسن القطان قال: حدثنا أبو العباس احمد بن يحيى بن زكريا قال: حدثنا بكر بن عبد الله بن حبيب قال: حدثنا تميم بن بهلول، عن ابيه قال: حدثنا أبو الحسن العبدي، عن سليمان بن مهران عن عباية ابن ربعي قال: قلت لعبدالله بن عباس، لم كنى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله عليا عليه السلام أبا تراب؟ قال لانه صاحب الارض وحجة الله على أهلها بعده وبه بقاؤها واليه سكونها ولقد سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله يقول: انه إذا كان يوم القيامة ورأى الكافر ما أعد الله تبارك وتعالى لشيعة علي من الثواب والزلفى والكرامة قال يا ليتني كنت ترابا - يعني من شيعة علي - وذلك قول الله عزوجل: (ويقول الكافر ياليتني كنت ترابا)


But, what is reliable with regards to that, is what was narrated to me (Shaikh Sadooq) by - Ahmad Bin Al-Hassan Al-Qataan, from Abu Al-Abbas Ahmad Bin Yahya Bin Zakariya, from Bakr Bin Abdullah Bin Habeeb, from Tameem Bin Bahloul, from his father, from Abu Al-Hassan Al-Abdy, from Suleyman Bin Mahran, from Abaya Bin Rabi’e who said: 

"I said to Abdullah Bin Ibn Abbas, ‘Why did Rasool-Allah (saww) give Ali (as) the name "Abu Turaab"?
He said, ‘Because He is the Master of the earth, and Proof of Allah (swt) over its people after Him, and due to Him is its existence and its at peace due to Him. And I heard the Rasool-Allah (saww) saying: ‘When it will be the Day of Judgement, and the Infidel would see what Allah (swt) has Prepared for the Shiah of Ali (as), from the Rewards and the Nearness, and the Prestige, he would say O! I wish I were dust! i.e., from the Shiah of Ali (as) and that is in the Words of Allah the Mighty and Majestic  "and the unbeliever shall say: O! I wish I were dust!" (78:40)

[Source: Elal al-Sharae, Vol. 1, Pg. 156]