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008 - al-Anfal

Chapter: 8, Verse: 11 - Purification of the hearts through Love of Imam Ali (as)

عن جابر عن أبي عبد الله جعفر بن محمد ع قال‏ سألته عن هذه الآية في البطن «وَ يُنَزِّلُ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنَ السَّماءِ ماءً- لِيُطَهِّرَكُمْ بِهِ وَ يُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمْ رِجْزَ الشَّيْطانِ وَ لِيَرْبِطَ عَلى‏ قُلُوبِكُمْ- وَ يُثَبِّتَ بِهِ الْأَقْدامَ‏» قال: السماء في الباطن رسول الله، و الماء علي ع جعل الله عليا من رسول الله ص فذلك قوله: «ماءً لِيُطَهِّرَكُمْ بِهِ‏ فذلك علي يطهر الله به قلب من والاه، و أما قوله: «وَ يُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمْ رِجْزَ الشَّيْطانِ‏» من والى عليا يذهب الرجز عنه، و يقوى قلبه و «لِيَرْبِطَ عَلى‏ قُلُوبِكُمْ وَ يُثَبِّتَ بِهِ الْأَقْدامَ‏» فإنه يعني عليا، من‏ والى‏ عليا يربط الله على قلبه بعلي فثبت على ولايته

Narrated from Jabir from Abi Abdillah Imam Baqir (as):

"I asked Imam Baqir (as) about the Baatin (inner or secret meaning) of this verse,
"And he caused rain to descend on you from sky, to clean you with it and to remove from you the evil of Satan, to strengthen your hearts, and to establish your feet firmly." [8:11]

Imam (as) said, "The sky in the Baatin (inner or secret meaning) is the Prophet (saww), and the rain is Ali (as) and Allah (swt) made Imam Ali (as) from the Prophet (saww) and that is the saying of Allah (swt), "(descended) the rain to clean you with it" and that is Ali (as), Allah (swt) purifies the hearts of those who Love Him. And regarding the saying of Allah (swt), "And to remove from you the evil of Satan", The one who loves Ali (as), the evil is removed from him and his heart is strengthened. And the saying of Allah (swt), "And to strengthen your hearts and establish your feet firmly", verily that is Ali (as), the one who loves Ali (as), Allah (swt) strengthens his heart through Ali (as) and establishes him upon His Wilayat."

[Source: Tafseer al-Ayyashi, Vol. 2, Pg. 50, Hadees. 25 & Tafseer-e-Furat, Pg. 153, Hadees. 190]



Chapter: 8, Verse: 23 - Allah (swt) & Prophet Mohammad (saww) called towards Wilayat of Imam Ali (as)

محمد بن يعقوب: عن محمد بن يحيى، عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى، عن محمد بن خالد، والحسين بن سعيد، جميعا، عن النضر بن سويد، عن يحيى الحلبي، عن عبد الله بن مسكان، عن زيد بن الوليد الخثعمي، عن أبي الربيع الشامي، قال: سألت أبا عبد الله (عليه السلام) عن قول الله عز وجل: يا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اسْتَجِيبُوا لِلَّهِ وَلِلرَّسُولِ إِذا دَعاكُمْ لِما يُحْيِيكُمْ‏ ، قال: نزلت في ولاية علي عليه السلام


Mohammad bin Yaqoob, from Mohammad bin Yahya, from Ahmad bin Mohammad bin Isa, from Mohammad bin Khalid and al-Husain bin Saeed, from al-Nazr bin Suwaid, from Yahya al-Halabi, from Abd Allah bin Muskan, from Zaid bin Waleed al-Khashami, from Abi Rabi al-Shamee who said,

I asked Aba Abdillah Imam Sadiq (as) about the saying of Allah (swt), "O those who believe, answer Allah (swt) and the Prophet (saww) when they call you to that which will give you life." [8:23] Imam (as) said, "It (the verse) came down for Wilayat of Ali (as)"

[Source: al-Kafi, Vol. 8, Pg.  248, Hadees. 349]


Chapter: 8, Verse: 55 - The worst of the animals??

حدثنا جعفر بن احمد قال حدثنا عبدالكريم بن عبدالرحيم عن محمد بن على عن محمد بن الفضيل عن ابي حمزة عن ابي جعفر صلوات الله عليه في قوله (ان شر الدواب عندالله الذين كفروا فهم لا يؤمنون) قال ابوجعفر (ع) نزلت في بني امية فهم شر خلق الله هم الذين كفروا في باطن القرآن فهم لا يؤمنون


Narrated to me Jafar bin Ahmad, from Abd al-Kareem bin Abd al-Raheem, from Mohammad bin Ali, from Mohammad bin al-Fazeel, from Abi Hamzah:

From Aba Jafar Imam Baqir (as), about the verse "Surely the worst of animals in Allah's sight are those who disbelieve, then they would not believe"(8:55)

Imam (as) said, "This verse was revealed for Bani Umayya, they are the worst of the creations of the Allah (swt), they are those who disbelieve in the Baatin (inner meaning) of the Quran and they do not believe in it."

[Source: Tafseer al-Qummi, Vol. 1, Pg. 277]