Tafseer‎ > ‎

91: Ash Shams

جماعة، عن سهل، عن محمد، عن أبيه [عن أبي محمد]، عن أبي عبدالله (ع) قال: سألته عن قول الله عزوجل: " والشمس وضحيها " قال: الشمس رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله به أوضح الله عزوجل للناس دينهم، قال: قلت: " القمر إذا تليها "؟ قال: ذاك أميرالمؤمنين (ع) تلا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ونفثه بالعلم نفثا، قال: قلت: " والليل إذايغشيها "؟ قال: ذاك أئمة الجور الذين استبدوا بالامر دون آل الرسول صلى الله عليه وآله وجلسوا مجلسا كان آل الرسول أولى به منهم فغشوا دين الله بالظلم والجور فحكى الله فعلهم فقال: " والليل إذا يغشيها ": قال: قلت: " والنار إذا جليها "؟ قال: ذلك الامام من ذريتة فاطمة (عليها السلام) يسأل عن دين رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فيجليه لمن سأله فحكى الله عزوجل قوله فقال: " والنهار إذا جليها


A group, from Sahl Bin Ziyad, from Muhammad, from his father, from Abu Muhammad has narrated:

Abu Abdullah(as) having said when asked about the Statement of Allah:

“I swear by the sun and its brilliance” [91:1]

Imam(as) said: The sun (is a reference to) the Messenger of Allah by whom Allah Mighty and Majestic Clarified for the people their Religion.

I then asked, (What about) “And the moon when it follows the sun” [91:2]

Imam(as) said: That is Amir-ul-Momineen(as) following the Messengers of Allah, and emitted the knowledge by re-radiating (like moon reflects the rays to the earth which fall on its surface from the sun).

I then asked, (What about) “And the night when it draws a veil over it” [91:4]

Imam(as) said: That (is a reference to) the imams of the injustice who tyrannised by the command the Progeny of the Messenger and seated themselves upon a set which was for the Progeny of the Messenger who were higher (more deserving) for it than them. They veiled the Religion of Allah by the injustices and the tyranny. So Allah has Referred to their deeds by Saying “ And the night when it draws a veil over it”.

I then asked, (What about) “By the Day as it shows up (the Sun's) clarity” [91:3]

Imam(as) said: That (is a reference to) the Imams from the descendants of Fatima(sa), when asked about the Religion of the Messenger of Allah so they clarify it for the one who has asked (from them). So Allah has referred it in His Statement by Saying “By the Day as it shows up (the Sun's) clarity”.

[Source: Al-Kafi, Vol.8, Hadees 12]