Crying on Imam Husain (as)

Regarding the Almighty’s words in Sura-e-Baqara, Verse 84-86:

و اذ اخذنا ميثاقكم لا تسفكون دماءكم و لا تخرجون انفسكم من دياركم ثم اقررتم و انتم تشهدون ثم هولاء تقتلون انفسكم و تخرجون فريقا منكم من ديارهم تظاهرون عليهم بالاثم و العدوان و ان ياتوكم اسري تفادوهم و هو محرم عليكم اخراجهم افتومنون ببعض الكتاب و تكفرون ببعض فما جزاء من يفعل ذلك منكم الا خزي في الحيوه الدنيا و يوم القامۀ يردون الي اشد العذاب و مالله بغافل عما تعملون اوليك الذين اشتروا الحيوه الدنيا بالاخره فلايخفف عنهم العذاب و لا هم ينصرون

"And when We made a covenant with you: You shall not shed your blood and you shall not turn your people out of your cities; then you gave a promise while you witnessed. Yet you it is who slay your people and turn a party from among you out of their homes, backing each other up against them unlawfully and exceeding the limits; and if they should come to you, as captives you would ransom them - while their very turning out was unlawful for you. Do you then believe in a part of the Book and disbelieve in the other? What then is the reward of such among you as do this but disgrace in the life of this world, and on Judgment Day they shall be sent back to the most grievous chastisement, and Allah is not at all heedless of what you do. These are they who buy the life of this world for the hereafter, so their chastisement shall not be lightened, nor shall they be helped."

When this verse was revealed about Jews who broke promises and slew their prophets and apostles, the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) said: Do you want me to inform you about those from my Ummah who will be like these Jews? The companions said: O Allah’s Messenger, tell us.

His Eminence (s.a.w.s.) said: There will be some people in my Ummah who will claim to be on my religion but inspite of this they would kill the greatest personalities of my progeny and the purest ones of my family. They will change my laws and traditions and slay my two sons, Hasan and Husain (a.s.). The forefathers of these Jews slew Zakariya and Yahya (a.s.). Know that, just as Allah cursed those Jews, in the same way would He curse these people. And for the future generation of them, He would send a Hadi Mahdi (rightful guide) from the progeny of Husain (a.s.) before Qiyamat who would dispatch them to Hellfire with the help of his friends’ swords.

Know that, Allah curses those who remain quiet and do not curse the murderers of Husain (a.s.) and associates of murderers. May Allah have mercy on those who weep on this oppressed one, curse his enemies and remain furious with them. O people, listen! Those who are pleased with the martyrdom of Husain (a.s.) and are also included among his killers. And listen! Those who follow Husain’s (a.s.) enemies and their associates, they all are disgusted of the religion of Allah.

Almighty Allah orders His proximate angels to collect tears of people who weep in sorrow of Husain (a.s.) and take them to the treasurer of Paradise. They take those tears and mix them with the water of the spring, due to which it becomes a thousand times sweeter and delicious. Those who become happy on the martyrdom of Imam Husain (a.s.) and laugh at it, the angels take their tears to Hawiya and mix them with its hot water and pus so that its temperature and severity increase. When the enemies of Aale Muhammad (a.s.) enter Hell, due to this, they will be involved in a more severe chastisement.

[Source: Tafseer of Imam Hasan Askari(as), Sura-e-Baqara, Verse 84-86]

Narrated from Hasan ibn Ali ibn Abi Hamzah, from his father who said:

عن أبي عبدالله عليه السلام قال : سمعته يقول : إنَّ البكاء والجزع مكروهٌ للعبد في كلِّ ما جزع ما خلا البكاء والجزع على الحسين بن عليّ عليهما السلام ، فإنّه فيه مأجورٌ

Abu Abdillah Imam Sadiq (as) said:

"Crying and JAZA* is Makruh for the slaves (of Allah) over any matter except crying and Jaza over Husain ibn Ali (as). Verily the one who cries and acts impatiently over Husain (as) will be rewarded."

[Source: Kamil Az Ziyarat Chapter. 32 Hadees:2]

*JAZA - uneasiness, restlessness and acting impatiently. Some examples include wearing black clothes and hitting the chests or things over a tragedy.

Abu Abdillah Imam Sadiq (as) said:

قال أبو عبدالله عليه السلام ـ في حديث طويل له ـ : ومَن ذُكر الحسينُ عليه السلام عنده فخرج مِن عينه مِن الدُّموع مقدار جناح ذُباب كان ثوابه على الله عزَّوجلَّ ولم يرض له بدون الجنّة

"Those who shed tears when Husain (as) is mentioned in front of them will be rewarded by Allah (swt) Himsef, even if their tears are as small as the wing of a fly. And Allah will not be pleased with any reward for them less than Paradise."

[Source: Kamil Az Ziyarat Chapter. 32 Hadees:3]

قال : سمعت علي بن الحسين عليهما السلام يقول : من قطرت عيناه فينا قطرة ودمعت عيناه فينا دمعة بوّأه الله بها في الجنة غرفا يسكنها أحقابا و أحقابا

Imam Ali ibn Husain (as) said:

"One who cries over us and sheds (even) on tear over us will be rewarded by Allah for that tear. He will be made to dwell in rooms in Paradise where he will stay for long ages and long ages."

[Source: Kamil Az Ziyarat Chapter. 32 Hadees:4]

Imam Sadiq (as) said: (Part of a long narration)

وما بكى أحدٌ رَحمةً لنا ولما لقينا إلاّ رحمه الله قبل أن تخرج الدَّمعة من عينه ، فإذا سالَتْ دُموعه على خَدِّه ، فلو أن قطرةً مِن دُموعه سَقَطتْ في جهنَّم لأطْفَئتْ حَرَّها حتى لا يوجد لها حَرٌّ

"Allah (swt) will have mercy on whoever cries, sympathizing with that which was done to us, even before his tears fall from his eyes. (Verily) if one of the tears which runs on his cheeks were to fall over Hell, it would extinguish the heat of it in such a way that no heat would remain in it."

[Source: Kamil Az Ziyarat Chapter. 32 Hadees:6]

عن أبي عبدالله عليه السلام قال : مَن ذُكِرنا عندَه ففاضَتْ عَيناه ولو مثل جَناح بَعُوضةٍ غُفِرَ له ذنوبُه ولو كانت مِثلَ زَبَد البَحر

Abu Abdillah (Imam Sadiq (as)) said:

"The sins of whoever cries, even as little as the wing of a fly, when we are mentioned in front of him will be forgiven, even if his sins are greater than the scum in the sea."

[Source: Kamil Az Ziyarat Chapter. 32 Hadees:8]

Abu Abdillah (Imam Sadiq (as)) said:

عن أبي عبدالله عليه السلام قال : مَن ذُكِرْنا عِنده ففاضَتْ عَيناه حرَّم اللهُ وَجْهَه على النّار

"Allah has made it haraam for Hell to burn the face of anyone who sheds tears (on us) when we are mentioned in his presence."

[Source: Kamil Az Ziyarat Chapter. 32 Hadees10]