Foundation for the Killing of Imam Husain (as)

عنه، عن علي بن الحسين، عن علي بن أبي حمزة، عن أبي بصير، عن أبي عبد الله (عليه السلام) في قول الله عز وجل: " ما يكون من نجوى ثلاثة إلا هو رابعهم ولا خمسة إلا هو سادسهم ولا أدنى من ذلك ولا أكثر إلا هو معهم أينما كانوا ثم ينبئهم بما عملوا يوم القيامة إن الله بكل شئ عليم " قال: نزلت هذه الآية في فلان وفلان وأبي عبيدة الجراح و عبد الرحمن بن عوف وسالم مولى أبي حذيفة والمغيرة بن شعبة حيث كتبوا الكتاب بينهم وتعاهدوا وتوافقوا: لئن مضى محمد لا تكون الخلافة في بني هاشم ولا النبوة أبدا، فأنزل الله عز وجل فيهم هذه الآية، قال: قلت: قوله عز وجل: " أم أبرموا أمرا فإنا مبرمون * أم يحسبون أنا لا نسمع سرهم ونجواهم بلى ورسلنا لديهم يكتبون [1] " قال: وهاتان الآيتان نزلتا فيهم ذلك اليوم، قال أبو عبد الله (عليه السلام): لعلك ترى أنه كان يوم يشبه يوم كتب الكتاب إلا يوم قتل الحسين (عليه السلام) وهكذا كان في سابق علم الله عز وجل الذي أعلمه رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وآله) أن إذا كتب الكتاب قتل الحسين وخرج الملك من بني هاشم فقد كان ذلك كله

Narrated by Abu Basir from Abu Abdillah Imam Sadiq (as) about the saying of Allah (swt), "Nowhere is there a secret counsel between three persons but He is the fourth of them, nor (between) five but He is the sixth of them, nor less than that nor more but He is with them wheresoever they are; then He will inform them of what they did on the day of resurrection: surely Allah is Cognizant of all things". (58:7)

Imam (as) said, "This was Revealed regarding Fulan and Fulan (i.e. Abu Bakr and Umar), and Abu Ubeyda Ibn Al-Jarrah, and Abdul Rahman Ibn Awf, and Saalim Mawla Abu Huzeyfa, and Al-Mugheira Bin Sho’ba, when they wrote the agreement in between them and took a pledge and agreed that if Muhammad (saww) were to pass away, they would not let the Caliphate to be in the Clan of Hashim, nor the Prophet-hood ever, So Allah (swt) Revealed this Verse with regards to them".

I (Abu Basir) said, about the saying of Allah (swt), "Or have they settled an affair? Then surely, we are the settlers. Or do they think that We do not hear what they conceal and their secret discourses? Indeed (We do), and Our messengers are by them, to record" (43:79-80).

Imam (as) said, "And these two Verse were Revealed regarding them (i.e who wrote the agreement as mentioned above) on that day".

Imam (as) further said, "Perhaps you think that there is a day resembling the day of the writing of the agreement? (No) Except for the day Al-Husain (as) was killed, and thus it had preceded in the Knowledge of Allah (swt) which He Made known to the Prophet (saww) that when the agreement was written down, Al-Husain (as) was Killed*, and the kingdom would exit from the Clan of Hashim and indeed all of that did take place."

*This indicates that the foundation for the killing of Imam Husain (as) laid when the agreement was written. The reference to this agreement can be found even in the Prophets (saww) sermon of Ghadeer]

[Source: al-Kafi, Vol. 8, Pg. 179, Hadith. 202]

Note: As per chain of narrators, hadith is classified as Reliable (موثق) by Allama Majlisi in Mir’aat al-Uqool, Vol, 27, Pg. 68