Eid al-Ghadeer the Eid of Allah (swt)

الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِينًا

“This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.” [Al Quran Chapter.5 Verse.3]


Complete Sermon of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saww) on the day of Ghadeer

https://ia802606.us.archive.org/34/items/Ghadir.Sermon/Ghadir.Sermon.pdf


Hadith 1:

Narrated that Imam Sadiq (as) said:

قال الصادق (علیه السلام): (عید الغدیر) و هو عيد اللّه‏ الأكبر

"It (Eid-ul-Ghadeer) is the greatest Eid of Allah (swt)."

[Source: Wasail us Shia Vol.5 Pg.224]


Hadith 2:

قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الصَّادِقَ ع يَقُولُ صِيَامُ يَوْمِ غَدِيرِ خُمٍّ يَعْدِلُ صِيَامَ عُمُرِ الدُّنْيَا …وَ هُوَ عِيدُ اللَّهِ الْأَكْبَرُ وَ مَا بَعَثَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ نَبِيّاً قَطُّ إِلَّا وَ تَعَيَّدَ فِي هَذَا الْيَوْمِ وَ عَرَفَ حُرْمَتَهُ وَ اسْمُهُ فِي السَّمَاءِ يَوْمُ الْعَهْدِ الْمَعْهُودِ … لَعَلَّكَ تَرَى أَنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ خَلَقَ يَوْماً أَعْظَمَ حُرْمَةً مِنْهُ لَا وَ اللَّهِ لَا وَ اللَّهِ لَا وَ اللَّه‏

Narrated that Imam Jafar Sadiq (as) said:

"Fasting on the day of Ghadeer is equivalent to fasting throughout the entire age of the world… It is the greatest festival of Allah. Allah has not sent any prophet but that he celebrated this day as Eid and was aware of its sanctity. It is known in the heavens as ‘The Day of the Famous Covenant’… You might think that Allah, the mighty and the majestic, has created a day more sacred than that. No, by Allah! No, by Allah! No, by Allah!"

(Complete hadees is not quoted here)

[Source: Tahdhib Al Ahkam – Sheikh Toosi Vol.3 Pg.143]


Hadith 3:

فَقَالَ الرِّضَا ع حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي عَنْ أَبِيهِ ع قَالَ إِنَّ يَوْمَ الْغَدِيرِ فِي السَّمَاءِ أَشْهَرُ مِنْهُ فِي الْأَرْض‏ … وَ اللَّهِ لَوْ عَرَفَ النَّاسُ فَضْلَ هَذَا الْيَوْمِ بِحَقِيقَتِهِ لَصَافَحَتْهُمُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ عَشْرَ مَرَّات

Imam Raza (as) narrates from his father (as):

"Certainly, the day of Ghadir is more famous in the heavens than in the earth… and by Allah, had people truly known the superiority of this day, the angels would have been shaking hands with them ten times a day."

(Complete hadees is not quoted here)

[Source: Tahdhib Al Ahkam – Sheikh Toosi Vol.6 Pg.24]


Hadith 4:

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ الصَّفَّارُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِیسَی عَنْ عَلِیِّ بْنِ سُلَیْمَانَ بْنِ یُوسُفَ الْبَزَّازِ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ یَحْیَی عَنْ جَدِّهِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ رَاشِدٍ قَالَ: قِیلَ لِأَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع لِلْمُؤْمِنِینَ مِنَ الْأَعْیَادِ غَیْرُ الْعِیدَیْنِ وَ الْجُمُعَهِ قَالَ نَعَمْ لَهُمْ مَا هُوَ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ هَذَا یَوْمٌ أُقِیمَ أَمِیرُ الْمُؤْمِنِینَ ع فَعَقَدَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص الْوَلَایَهَ فِی أَعْنَاقِ الرِّجَالِ وَ النِّسَاءِ- بِغَدِیرِ خُمٍّ فَقُلْتُ وَ أَیُّ یَوْمٍ ذَاکَ قَالَ الْأَیَّامُ تَخْتَلِفُ ثُمَّ قَالَ یَوْمُ ثَمَانِیَهَ عَشَرَ مِنْ ذِی الْحِجَّهِ قَالَ ثُمَّ قَالَ وَ الْعَمَلُ فِیهِ یَعْدِلُ الْعَمَلَ فِی ثَمَانِینَ شَهْراً وَ یَنْبَغِی أَنْ یُکْثَرَ فِیهِ ذِکْرُ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ الصَّلَاهُ عَلَی النَّبِیِّ ص وَ یُوَسِّعَ الرَّجُلُ فِیهِ عَلَی عِیَالِهِ

Narrated from Hasan bin Rashid, who said:

I asked Aba Abdillah, Jafar bin Mohammad (ع), "Is there an Eid other than the two Eids and Fridays for the Muslims?"

Abu Abdillah (ع) replied, "Yes, there is an Eid greater than them; the day when Amirul Momineen (ع) was appointed and the Holy Prophet (ص) had made His Authority/Mastership (Wilayah) compulsory on believing men and women at Ghadeer-e- Khum."

I asked, "Which day is that?"

Abu Abdillah (ع) replied, "It is the 18 of Dhul Hijjah. And any deed (good) done on that day is equal to deeds done in 80 months. It's advised that on that day remembrance (Zekr) of Allah (عز و جل) and Salawaat upon the Prophet (ص) should be done excessively and one should increase his spending upon his family on that day."

[Source: Thawab al-Amaal - Shaikh Sadooq, Pg 68]


Hadith 5:

بشا : محمد بن علي بن قرواش ، عن محمد بن محمد النقار ، عن محمد بن محمد بن الحسين ، والحسن بن زيد بن حمزة ، عن علي بن عبدالرحمان ، عن محمد بن منصور ، عن علي ابن الحسين بن عمر بن علي بن الحسين ، عن إبراهيم بن رجاء الشيباني قال : قيل : لجعفر بن محمد (ع) ما أراد رسول الله (ص) بقوله لعلي (ع) يوم الغدير : « من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه اللهم وال من والاه وعاد من عاداه » قال : فاستوى جعفر بن محمد (ع) قاعدا ثم قال : سئل والله عنها رسول الله (ص) فقال : الله مولاي أولى بي من نفسي لا أمر لي معه ، وأنا مولى المؤمنين أولى بهم من أنفسهم لا أمر لهم معي ، ومن كنت مولاه أولى به من نفسه لا أمر له معي فعلي بن أبي طالب مولاه أولى به من نفسه لا أمر له معه

Narrated that Imam Jafar bin Mohammad Sadiq (ع) was asked as to what did the Prophet (ص) mean by His saying to Imam Ali (ع), "Of whomsoever, I am their Master, Ali is their Master. O Allah! Befriend his friends and be the enemy of his enemies."

Imam Jafar bin Mohammad (ع) sat up straight and said, "I swear to Allah that people asked the Messenger of Allah (ص) the same question and the Prophet (ص) said,

"Allah is my master and has more authority on me than I do on myself. I do not have any authority on myself compared to His authority on me. I am the master of the believers, and I have more authority on them than they have on themselves. They do not have any authority over themselves compared to my authority (on them). And whomsoever, I have more authority over, then Ali ibn Abi Talib (ع) is their Master & has more authority over them.

[Source Bihar ul Anwar, Vol 37, Pg 222]


Hadith 6:

Ghadeer is not only about Accepting the Wilayah of Imam Ali (as), it is also about rejecting Abu Bakr & Umar:

The below are words from a Supplication (Dua) to be recited on the day of Ghadeer as taught by Imam Sadiq (as):

انا يا ربنا بمنك ولطفك أجبنا داعيك، واتبعنا الرسول وصدقناه وصدقنا مولى المؤمنين، وكفرنا بالجبت والطاغوت فولنا ما تولينا، واحشرنا مع أئمتنا فانا بهم مؤمنون موقنون ولهم مسلمون

"Surely it was by Your favor and Your grace that we answered Your call and acknowledged the Prophet (saww) and Amir al-Momineen (as), and disbelieved (rejected) in al-Jibt and al-Taghut (Abu Bakr & Umar). Thus, keep us attached to what we have adhered to. Resurrect us with our Imams, for we believe in them, have confidence in their (authorities and virtues), and are submissive to them"

وكفرنا بالجبت و الطاغوت والأوثان الأربعة وأشياعهم وأتباعهم وكل من والاهم من الجن والإنس من أول الدهر إلى آخره

"And we disbelieved (rejected) in al-Jibt and al-Taghut (Abu Bakr & Umar) and the 4 Idols and their Shia (adherents), their followers and all those who love/befriend them from the Jinn and Men from the start of the times to the end of times."

[Source: Iqbal al-Amaal, Pg. 473, Bihar al-Anwar, Vol. 95, Pg. 299]

The Complete dua along with translation can be seen at this link: http://duas.org/ghadir.htm


Hadith 7:

~ The Greatest Amr bil Ma'roof is the Wilayah of Imam Ali (as) ~

Below is from the sermon of Ghadir:

ألا و إن‏ رأس‏ الأمر بالمعروف‏ و النهي عن المنكر أن تنتهوا إلى قولي‏ و تبلغوه من لم يحضر، و تأمروه بقبوله، و تنهوه عن مخالفته، فإنه أمر من الله عز و جل و مني معا، و لا أمر بمعروف و لا نهي عن منكر إلا مع إمام‏

"Behold! The greatest case (chief/leader/head) of enjoining righteous deeds (Amr bil Ma'roof) and forbidding the bad deeds (Nahy an al-Munqar) is comprehending my saying, conveying it to whoever is not present, urging him to accept it, and advising him against violating it, for it is an order from Allah, the mighty and the majestic, and from me. There is no (value or effect for) enjoining (other) recognized deeds and forbidding the detested deeds except with (the recognition of) an infallible leader."

[Source: al-Ejtejaaj, Vol. 1, Pg. 65]


Hadith 8:

Narrated that Imam Ali Ridha (عليه السلام) said in long narration about Eid al-Ghadeer:

وَ يَوْمُ مَرْغَمَةِ الشَّيْطَانِ وَ يَوْمُ تُقْبَلُ أَعْمَالُ الشِّيعَةِ وَ مُحِبِّي آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ

"And it is the day of Satan’s dislike, and the Day the deeds of the Shiites and the lovers of Aal-e-Mohammad (عليهم السلام) will be accepted."


وَ هُوَ الْيَوْمُ الَّذِي يَأْمُرُ جَبْرَئِيلَ ع أَنْ يَنْصِبَ كُرْسِيَّ كَرَامَةِ اللَّهِ بِإِزَاءِ بَيْتِ الْمَعْمُورِ وَ يَصْعَدُهُ جَبْرَئِيلُ ع وَ تَجْتَمِعُ إِلَيْهِ الْمَلَائِكَةُ مِنْ جَمِيعِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَ يُثْنُونَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ يَسْتَغْفِرُونَ لِشِيعَةِ أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ الْأَئِمَّةِ ع وَ مُحِبِّيهِمْ مِنْ وُلْدِ آدَمَ ع

"And it is the day on which Jibril commands that a throne of Honor of Allah is setup facing Bait-al-Mamoor and Jibril ascends it and the angels from all the skies gather near it and they praise Mohammad (صلى الله عليه وآله) and seek forgiveness for the Shias of Amir al-Momineen (عليه السلام) and the Imams (عليهم السلام) and for those that love them from amongst the children of Adam."


وَ هُوَ الْيَوْمُ الَّذِي يَأْمُرُ اللَّهُ فِيهِ الْكِرَامَ الْكَاتِبِينَ أَنْ يَرْفَعُوا الْقَلَمَ عَنْ مُحِبِّي أَهْلِ الْبَيْتِ وَ شِيعَتِهِمْ ثَلَاثَةَ أَيَّامٍ مِنْ يَوْمِ الْغَدِيرِ وَ لَا يَكْتُبُونَ عَلَيْهِمْ شَيْئاً مِنْ خَطَايَاهُمْ كَرَامَةً لِمُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلِيٍّ وَ الْأَئِمَّةِ

"And is the day in which Allah commands the honorable writers (who note down the deeds of people) to raise the pens from the lovers and Shias of the AhlulBayt (عليهم السلام) for 3 days from the day of Ghadeer and not to write down any of their sins for the sake of Mohammad, Ali & the Imams (عليهم السلام)."


وَ هُوَ الْيَوْمُ الَّذِي يَزِيدُ اللَّهُ فِي حَالِ مَنْ عَبَدَ فِيهِ وَ وَسَّعَ عَلَى عِيَالِهِ وَ نَفْسِهِ وَ إِخْوَانِهِ وَ يُعْتِقُهُ اللَّهُ مِنَ النَّارِ

"And it is the Day in which God increases the (financial) status/position of those who worship Allah on that day, and is generous in spending upon his dependents, himself, and his brothers and Allah sets him free from the fire."


وَ يَوْمُ الْحَبَاءِ وَ الْعَطِيَّةِ

"And the day of gifts and presents"


وَ يَوْمُ الْبِشَارَةِ وَ الْعِيدِ الْأَكْبَرِ

"And the day of glad tidings and the Greatest Eid (Eid al-Akbar)"


وَ يَوْمُ لُبْسِ الثِّيَابِ وَ نَزْعِ السَّوَادِ

"And the day of putting on (new/good) clothes and removing the black (clothes)"


وَ يَوْمُ الصَّفْحِ عَنْ مُذْنِبِي شِيعَةِ أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

"And the day of forgiveness of the sins of Shia of Amir al-Momineen (عليه السلام)"


وَ يَوْمُ إِكْثَارِ الصَّلَاةِ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ

"And the day of sending extensive salutations (Salawaat) upon Mohammad and Aal-e-Mohammad (عليهم السلام)"


وَ يَوْمُ اسْتِرَاحَةِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

"And the day of relaxation for the believers"


وَ يَوْمُ تَرْكِ الْكَبَائِرِ وَ الذُّنُوبِ وَ يَوْمُ الْعِبَادَةِ

"And the day of abandoning major sins and sins, and the day of worship"


وَ هُوَ يَوْمُ التَّهْنِيَةِ يُهَنِّي بَعْضُكُمْ بَعْضاً فَإِذَا لَقِيَ الْمُؤْمِنُ أَخَاهُ يَقُولُ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي جَعَلَنَا مِنَ الْمُتَمَسِّكِينَ بِوَلَايَةِ أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ الْأَئِمَّةِ ع

"And its is the day of congratulation/felicitation, you should congratulate each other and when a believer meets his believing brother he should say, ‘All Praise is for Allah who has made form those who hold on to the Mastership (wilayah) of Amir al-Momineen (عليه السلام) and the Imams (عليهم السلام)"


وَ هُوَ يَوْمُ التَّبَسُّمِ فِي وُجُوهِ النَّاسِ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْإِيمَانِ فَمَنْ تَبَسَّمَ فِي وَجْهِ أَخِيهِ يَوْمَ الْغَدِيرِ نَظَرَ اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ بِالرَّحْمَةِ وَ قَضَى لَهُ أَلْفَ حَاجَةٍ وَ بَنَى لَهُ قَصْراً فِي الْجَنَّةِ مِنْ دُرَّةٍ بَيْضَاءَ وَ نَضَّرَ وَجْهَهُ

"And it is the day of smiling looking at the faces of the people of faith. Whoever smiles in the face of his (believing) brother on the day of Ghadeer, Allah looks at him on the Day of Judgement with mercy, and will fulfill his thousand needs, and he has built for him a palace of white pearls in heaven and will make his face shine/radiant."


وَ هُوَ يَوْمُ الزِّينَةِ فَمَنْ تَزَيَّنَ لِيَوْمِ الْغَدِيرِ غَفَرَ اللَّهُ لَهُ كُلَّ خَطِيئَةٍ عَمِلَهَا صَغِيرَةً أَوْ كَبِيرَةً وَ بَعَثَ اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِ مَلَائِكَةً يَكْتُبُونَ لَهُ الْحَسَنَاتِ وَ يَرْفَعُونَ لَهُ الدَّرَجَاتِ إِلَى قَابِلِ مِثْلِ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ فَإِنْ مَاتَ‌ مَاتَ شَهِيداً وَ إِنْ عَاشَ عَاشَ سَعِيد

"And it is the day of adornment (zenat), so who adorns himself for the day of Ghadeer Allah will forgive all of his sins be it small or big and Allah will send to him angels who will write down good deeds for him and will raise his stations till day of Ghadeer next year, and if he dies, he dies as a martyr, and if he lives, he will live happily."

[Source: Iqbal al-Aamal, Sayed ibn Tawoos, Vol. 1, Pg. 474-475]