Month of Ramadan & AhlulBayt (as)

Hadith 1:

ثُمَّ بَكَى فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ مَا يُبْكِيكَ فَقَالَ يَا عَلِيُّ أَبْكِي لِمَا يُسْتَحَلُّ مِنْكَ فِي هَذَا الشَّهْرِ كَأَنِّي بِكَ وَ أَنْتَ تُصَلِّي لِرَبِّكَ وَ قَدِ انْبَعَثَ أَشْقَى الْأَوَّلِينَ وَ الْآخِرِينَ شَقِيقُ عَاقِرِ نَاقَةِ ثَمُودَ فَضَرَبَكَ ضَرْبَةً عَلَى قَرْنِكَ فَخَضَبَ مِنْهَا لِحْيَتَكَ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ(ع)فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَ ذَلِكَ فِي سَلَامَةٍ مِنْ دِينِي فَقَالَ(ص)فِي سَلَامَةٍ مِنْ دِينِكَ ثُمَّ قَالَ يَا عَلِيُّ مَنْ قَتَلَكَ فَقَدْ قَتَلَنِي وَ مَنْ أَبْغَضَكَ فَقَدْ أَبْغَضَنِي وَ مَنْ سَبَّكَ فَقَدْ سَبَّنِي لِأَنَّكَ مِنِّي كَنَفْسِي رُوحُكَ مِنْ رُوحِي وَ طِينَتُكَ مِنْ طِينَتِي إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى خَلَقَنِي وَ إِيَّاكَ وَ اصْطَفَانِي وَ إِيَّاكَ وَ اخْتَارَنِي لِلنُّبُوَّةِ وَ اخْتَارَكَ لِلْإِمَامَةِ فَمَنْ أَنْكَرَ إِمَامَتَكَ فَقَدْ أَنْكَرَ نُبُوَّتِي يَا عَلِيُّ أَنْتَ وَصِيِّي وَ أَبُو وُلْدِي وَ زَوْجُ ابْنَتِي وَ خَلِيفَتِي عَلَى أُمَّتِي فِي حَيَاتِي وَ بَعْدَ مَوْتِي أَمْرُكَ أَمْرِي وَ نَهْيُكَ نَهْيِي أُقْسِمُ بِالَّذِي بَعَثَنِي بِالنُّبُوَّةِ وَ جَعَلَنِي خَيْرَ الْبَرِيَّةِ إِنَّكَ لَحُجَّةُ اللَّهِ عَلَى خَلْقِهِ وَ أَمِينُهُ عَلَى سِرِّهِ وَ خَلِيفَتُهُ عَلَى عِبَادِهِ‌

Prophet Mohammad (ص) when giving a sermon upon the Advent of the month of Ramadan giving details of the blessings the month of Ramadan brings, looked at Imam Ali (ع) and …

Then the Prophet (ص) cried.

I (Imam Ali ع) asked Him, "O Prophet of Allah! Why did you cry?"

The Prophet (ص) said, "O Ali (ع)! I cried for what will be done to you in this month. It is as if I see you while you are praying to your Lord and the most wretched of the former and later ones - as wretched as he who killed the she-camel of Thamud - will stand up and deliver such a blow to your head that your beard will get stained (with blood)."

The Commander of the Faithful Imam Ali (ع) said, "O Prophet of Allah! Will my religion remain intact in this situation?"

The Prophet (ص) said, "Your religion is intact."

The Prophet (ص) then added, "O Ali (ع)! Whoever kills you has indeed killed me. Whoever hates you has indeed hated me. Whoever insults (use abusive language against) you have indeed insulted me. This is because you are from me and just like myself. Your spirit is from my spirit. Your clay is from my clay. In fact, Allah (س) has created me and you and selected me and you. Allah chose me for the Prophethood and chose you for the Imamat (Divine Leadership). Whoever denies your Imamat has, in fact, denied my Prophethood. O Ali (ع)! You are my Trustee, the father of my grandchildren, the spouse of my daughter, My Caliph over my nation during and after my life. Your orders are my orders. Your prohibitions are my prohibitions. I swear by Him who has sent me with Prophethood and established me as the best of the people, that you are Allah’s Proof upon His creatures, the one entrusted with His Secrets and His Successor over His servants."

[Source: Uyoon Akhbar al-Ridha (ع) Vol. 1, Ch. 28, Hadith. 53]


Hadith 2:

Ameer al-Momineen Imam Ali (ع) gave a sermon on the first day of the Month of Ramadan in the Kufa Mosque and said,

"O people this is the Month (of Ramadan) which Allah has granted excellence over all other months, just like He has granted excellence to Us, the AhleBait (ع) over the rest of the people"

أيها الناس : إن هذا الشهر شهر فضله الله على سائر الشهور كفضلنا اهل البيت على سائر الناس

(part of a lengthy hadith)

[Source: Fadhail al-Ashor al-Salaasa, Shaikh Sadooq, Pg. 108]


Hadith 3:

بِالْإِسْنَادِ - يَرْفَعُهُ - إِلَى جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ (عليه السلام)، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ (عليه السلام). أَنَّهُ قَالَ: حَدَّثَنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ، قَالَ: سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ (صلّى اللّه عليه و آله و سلّم) يَقُولُ: فَضْلُ عَلِيٍّ (عليه السلام) عَلَى هَذِهِ الْأُمَّةِ كَفَضْلِ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ عَلَى سَائِرِ الشُّهُورِ. وَ فَضْلُ عَلِيٍّ عَلَى هَذِهِ الْأُمَّةِ، كَفَضْلِ لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ عَلَى سَائِرِ اللَّيَالِي وَ فَضْلُ عَلِيٍّ عَلَى هَذِهِ الْأُمَّةِ كَفَضْلِ الْجُمُعَةِ عَلَى سَائِرِ الْأَيَّامِ فَطُوبَى لِمَنْ آمَنَ بِهِ وَ صَدَّقَ بِوَلَايَتِهِ وَ الْوَيْلُ كُلُّ الْوَيْلِ لِمَنْ جَحَدَهُ وَ جَحَدَ حَقَّهُ، حَقٌّ عَلَى اللَّهِ أَلَّا يُنِيلَهُ شَيْئاً مِنْ رَوَائِحِ الْجَنَّةِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ، وَ لَا تَنَالَهُ شَفَاعَةُ مُحَمَّدٍ (صلّى اللّه عليه و آله و سلّم)

Narrated from Imam Jafar bin Muhammad (ع) that Prophet Mohammed (ص) said:

"The excellence of Imam Ali (ع) over this Ummah (community) is like the excellence of the Month of Ramadan over the rest of the months"

"The excellence of Imam Ali (ع) over this Ummah (community) is like the excellence of the night of Qadr over all of the other nights."

"The excellence of Imam Ali (ع) over this Ummah (community) is like the excellence of Friday night over the other nights (of the week)."

"So Tooba (tree in heaven / blessed) is for the one who believes in Him and accepts His Wilayah. And affliction complete affliction is for the one who rejects Him and rejects His rights. It is appropriate for Allah (عزوجل) to ensure that the scent of heaven and the intercession of Mohammed (ص) does not reach such a person."

[Source: al-Rawza min Fazail Amir al-Momineen, Shazaan bin Jibrael, Pg. 155 / Bihar al Anwar, Vol.38, Pg.14]


Hadith 4:

From the dua to be recited daily in the month of Ramadan. Its narrated that this dua was recited by Imam Ali bin Husain (ع) and Imam Mohammad bin Ali al-Baqir (ع):

يَا رَبَّ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدِ اغْضَبِ الْيَوْمَ لِمُحَمَّدٍ وَ لِأَبْرَارِ عِتْرَتِهِ وَ اقْتُلْ أَعْدَاءَهُمْ بَدَداً وَ أَحْصِهِمْ عَدَداً وَ لَا تَدَعْ عَلَى ظَهْرِ الْأَرْضِ مِنْهُمْ أَحَداً وَ لَا تَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ أَبَداً

"O the Lord of Mohammad (ص) & Aal-e-Mohammad (ع) standup (to defend/take revenge) on this day for Mohammad (ص) and for the Pious ones from his progeny and kill their enemies with complete eradication and enumerate them and do not leave any of them on the face of the earth and do not forgive them ever."

أَسْأَلُكَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ أَنْ تَنْصُرَ خَلِيفَةَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ وَصِيَّ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ الْقَائِمَ بِالْقِسْطِ مِنْ أَوْصِيَاءِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَلَيْهِمُ السَّلَامُ [صَلَوَاتُكَ عَلَيْهِ وَ عَلَيْهِمْ‌] اعْطِفْ عَلَيْهِمْ نَصْرَكَ يَا لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ بِحَقِّ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ اجْعَلْنِي مَعَهُمْ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَ الْآخِرَةِ

"I ask You to send blessings upon Mohammad (ص) and Aal-e-Mohammad (ع) and to help the Successor (Khalifa) of Mohammad (ص) and The Guardian (Wasi) of Mohammad (ص), the Qaim (عج) who will rise with justice from amongst the guardians (awsiya) of Mohammad (ص), Your blessings be upon Him and upon Them. Turn your help towards them, O there is no God but You, by the right of that there is no God by You, send blessings upon Mohammad (ص) and His progeny (ع) and place me with them in the world and the hereafter."

[Source: Iqbal al-Aamal, Sayed Ibn Taoos, Vol.1, Pg. 92 & Misbah al-Mutahajjid, Shaikh Tusi, Pg. 614]