41: Fussilat

Chapter: 41, Verse. 6-7 - Shirk in Imamah

خبرنا احمد بن ادريس عن احمد بن محمد عن ابن محبوب عن أبي جميل (جميلة ط) عن أبان بن تغلب قال قال لي ابوعبدالله عليه السلام: يا أبان أترى ان الله عزوجل طلب من المشركين زكاة أموالهم وهم يشركون به حيث يقول: " وويل للمشركين الذين لا يؤتون الزكوة وهم بالآخرة هم كافرون " قلت له: كيف ذلك جعلت فداك فسره لي؟ فقال ويل للمشركين الذين أشركوا بالامام الاول وهم بالائمة الآخرين كافرون، يا أبان إنما دعا الله العباد إلى الايمان به فاذا آمنوا بالله وبرسوله افترض عليهم الفرايض

Narrated by Aban bin Tuglub;

Abu Abdillah Imam Sadiq (as) said to me,

"O' Aban, do you think that Allah (swt) has asked the Mushrikeen for Zakat of their wealth while they are doing shirk; when He says, "And Woe be upon the Mushrikeen who do not give Zakat and do not believe in the hearafter" (41:6-7)

I said, "How is that, May I be sacrificed for you, explain it to me."

Imam (as) said, "Woe upon the Mushrikeen, those who associate others with the first Imam [referring to Imam Ali (as)] and they are those who deny the other Imam's (as). O'Aban, Indeed, Allah (swt) calls the servants towards belief, then when they believe in Allah (swt) and His Prophet (saww) then the obligations are obligated upon them."

[Source: Tafseer-e-Qummi, Vol. 2, Pg. 262]

Chapter: 41, Verse. 29 - The 2 who led others astray

حَمَّدُ بْنُ يَعْقُوبَ:عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ الْقُمِّيِّ،عَنْ عَمِّهِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الصَّلْتِ،عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ،عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ،عَنْ حُسَيْنٍ الْجَمَّالِ،عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ) ،فِي قَوْلِ اللَّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى رَبَّنٰا أَرِنَا الَّذَيْنِ أَضَلاّٰنٰا مِنَ الْجِنِّ وَ الْإِنْسِ نَجْعَلْهُمٰا تَحْتَ أَقْدٰامِنٰا لِيَكُونٰا مِنَ الْأَسْفَلِينَ ،قَالَ هُمَا،وَ كَانَ فُلاَنٌ شَيْطَاناً

Narrated from Abu Abdillah Imam Sadiq (as) regarding the saying of Allah, "Our Lord! show us those 2 who led us astray from among the jinn and the men that we may trample them under our feet so that they may be of the lowest." (41:29)

Imam (as) said, "It refers to those 2 (Abu Bakr & Umar) and Fulan (referring to Usman?) was the devil (Satan)"

[Source: al-Kafi, Vol. 8, Pg. 334, Hadith. 522]

ونُسُ عَنْ سَوْرَةَ بْنِ كُلَيْبٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ (عليه السلام) فِي قَوْلِ اللَّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى رَبَّنا أَرِنَا الَّذَيْنِ أَضَلَّانا مِنَ الْجِنِّ وَ الْإِنْسِ نَجْعَلْهُما تَحْتَ أَقْدامِنا لِيَكُونا مِنَ الْأَسْفَلِينَ قَالَ يَا سَوْرَةُ هُمَا وَ اللَّهِ هُمَا ثَلَاثاً وَ اللَّهِ يَا سَوْرَةُ إِنَّا لَخُزَّانُ عِلْمِ اللَّهِ فِي السَّمَاءِ وَ إِنَّا لَخُزَّانُ عِلْمِ اللَّهِ فِي الْأَرْضِ

Narrated from Abu Abdillah Imam Sadiq (as) regarding the saying of Allah, "Our Lord! show us those 2 who led us astray from among the jinn and the men that we may trample them under our feet so that they may be of the lowest." (41:29)

Imam (as) said, "O Sawrah (the narrator), By Allah, it refers to those 2 (Abu Bakr & Umar), the Imam repeated this 3 times. By Allah, O Sawrah, We are the Treasurers of the Knowledge of Allah in the sky and We are the Treasurers of the Knowledge of Allah in the earth"

[Source: al-Kafi, Vol. 8, Pg. 334, Hadith. 523]


أَبُو الْقَاسِمِ جَعْفَرُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ قُولَوَيْهِ فِي(كَامِلِ الزِّيَارَاتِ)،قَالَ:حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ الْحِمْيَرِيُّ،عَنْ أَبِيهِ،عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ،عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ،عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ حَمَّادٍ الْبَصْرِيِّ،عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الْأَصَمِّ،عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ،عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ(عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ)-فِي حَدِيثٍ طَوِيلٍ يَصِفُ فِيهِ حَالَ قُنْفُذٍ وَ صَاحِبِهِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ-:«فَيُؤْتَيَانِ هُوَ وَ صَاحِبُهُ،فَيُضْرَبَانِ بِسِيَاطٍ مِنْ نَارٍ،لَوْ وَقَعَ سَوْطٌ مِنْهَا عَلَى الْبِحَارِ لَغَلَتْ مِنْ مَشْرِقِهَا إِلَى مَغْرِبِهَا،وَ لَوْ وُضِعَتْ عَلَى جِبَالِ الدُّنْيَا لَذَابَتْ حَتَّى تَصِيرَ رَمَاداً،فَيُضْرَبَانِ بِهَا،ثُمَّ يَجْثُو أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ(عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ)لِلْخُصُومَةِ بَيْنَ يَدَيِ اللَّهِ مَعَ الرَّابِعِ،وَ يَذْهَبُ الثَّلاَثَةُ فِي جُبٍّ،فَيُطْبَقُ عَلَيْهِمْ،لاَ يَرَاهُمْ أَحَدٌ وَ لاَ يَرَوْنَ أَحَداً،فَيَقُولُ الَّذِينَ كَانُوا فِي وَلاَيَتِهِمْ: رَبَّنٰا أَرِنَا الَّذَيْنِ أَضَلاّٰنٰا مِنَ الْجِنِّ وَ الْإِنْسِ نَجْعَلْهُمٰا تَحْتَ أَقْدٰامِنٰا لِيَكُونٰا مِنَ الْأَسْفَلِينَ ،قَالَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ: وَ لَنْ يَنْفَعَكُمُ الْيَوْمَ إِذْ ظَلَمْتُمْ أَنَّكُمْ فِي الْعَذٰابِ مُشْتَرِكُونَ

Part of long hadith quoted in the book Kamil al-Ziyarat:

Imam Sadiq (as) says, "The first judgment will be between Mohsin Ibne Ali (as) and his killer (referring to Umar). Then he will be brought forth along with Qunfudh and they will be lashed with whips of fire. The whips will be such that if one of them hits the oceans, they will boil from the east to the west and if (even one whip) touches the mountains, they will all melt and turn to ash."

Then Amirul Momineen (a.s.) will kneel before Allah so that Allah judges between him and the fourth usurper – Muawiyah. Then they (Umar, Qunfudh and Muawiyah) will be thrown in a well (of fire) which will be covered so no one can see them and they will not be able to see anyone.

So those who followed them will say, "Our Lord! show us those 2 who led us astray from among the jinn and the men that we may trample them under our feet so that they may be of the lowest." (41:29)

[Source: Kamil al-Ziyarat, Chapter. 108, Hadith. 11]