9-AL-TAWBAH

Chapter 9, Verse: 23 - Preferring Kufr over Faith

الْعَيَّاشِيُّ: عَنْ جَابِرٍ، عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ)، قَالَ: سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ هَذِهِ الْآيَةِ، فِي قَوْلِ اللَّهِ: يا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لا تَتَّخِذُوا آباءَكُمْ وَ إِخْوانَكُمْ أَوْلِياءَ إِلَى قَوْلِهِ: الْفاسِقِينَ: «فَأَمَّا لا تَتَّخِذُوا آباءَكُمْ وَ إِخْوانَكُمْ أَوْلِياءَ إِنِ اسْتَحَبُّوا الْكُفْرَ عَلَى الْإِيمانِ فَإِنَّ الْكُفْرَ فِي الْبَاطِنِ فِي هَذِهِ الْآيَةِ وَلَايَةُ الْأَوَّلِ وَ الثَّانِي، وَ هُوَ كُفْرٌ. وَ قَوْلُهُ: عَلَى الْإِيمانِ فَالْإِيمَانُ وَلَايَةُ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ)

Narrated from Abu Jafar Imam Baqir (ع) said the narrator asked the Imam about the saying of Allah,

"O you who have faith! Do not befriend your fathers and brothers if they prefer disbelief (kufr) to faith (Eman). Those of you who befriend them, it is they who are the wrongdoers." (9:23)

Imam (ع) said, "The inner (batin) meaning of Disbelief in this verse refers to the mastership of the first (Abu Bakr) and the second (Umar) and that is disbelief (Kufr). And Faith (Eman) is the mastership (Wilayat) of Ali ibn Abi Talib (ع).

[Source: Tafsir al-Ayyashi, Vol. 2, Pg. 84]